Last Updated: Monday, 23 October 2017, 10:48 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 93 results
Thuo v. Cyprus

4 April 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Cyprus - Kenya

Z.A. and others v. Russia

28 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Iraq - Palestine, State of - Russian Federation - Somalia - Syrian Arab Republic

Z.A. and others v. Russia

28 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Iraq - Palestine, State of - Russian Federation - Somalia - Syrian Arab Republic

Ilias and Ahmed v. Hungry

14 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions - Refoulement - Right to liberty and security - Safe third country | Countries: Bangladesh - Hungary

Allanazarova v. Russia

14 February 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Chinese - Extradition - Minority rights - Physical harm - Prison or detention conditions - Refugee / Asylum law | Countries: Russian Federation - Turkmenistan

X v. Switzerland

26 January 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Deportation / Forcible return - Physical harm - Political asylum - Prison or detention conditions - Tamil | Countries: Sri Lanka - Switzerland

Alimov v. Turkey

6 September 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Turkey - Uzbekistan

Mihhailov v. Estonia

30 August 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Police - Prison or detention conditions - Statelessness | Countries: Estonia

R.K. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: France - Russian Federation

A.B. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Armenia - France

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