Last Updated: Friday, 26 May 2017, 12:39 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
Selected filters: Human rights activists
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Showing 1-5 of 5 results
Shimovolos v. Russia

21 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Human rights activists - Right to family life - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Russian Federation

Karimov v. Russia

29 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Effective remedy - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Human rights activists - Immigration Detention - Persecution based on political opinion - Refugees - Right to liberty and security - Terrorism | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

S.H. v. United Kingdom

15 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Human rights activists - Nepalis - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Racial / Ethnic persecution - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Bhutan - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Christian Democratic People's Party v. Moldova (No. 2)

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

2 February 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of assembly and association - Human rights activists - Human rights and fundamental freedoms - Opposition - Political parties | Countries: Moldova, Republic of

Nduwayezu v. Sweden

Admissibility application.

8 December 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Human rights activists - Persecution based on political opinion - Persecution of family members - Tutsis | Countries: Burundi - Sweden

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