Last Updated: Friday, 22 September 2017, 11:21 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
Selected filters: Freedom of conscience
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Showing 1-10 of 16 results
Bayatyan v. Armenia

This judgment is final but may be subject to editorial revision.

7 July 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription | Countries: Armenia

Freedom of Religion

July 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Boychev et autres c. Bulgarie

27 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Unification Church | Countries: Bulgaria

Aperçu de la jurisprudence de la Cour en matière de liberté de religion

January 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Savez Crkava Riječ Života and Others v. Croatia

9 December 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Right to education | Countries: Croatia

Bingol c. Turquie

22 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of expression - Freedom of speech - Kurd - Political parties | Countries: Turkey

Jehovah's Witnesses of Moscow v. Russia

10 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Freedom of assembly and association - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation

Sinan Isik c. Turquie

2 February 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Alevis - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of expression - Freedom of religion | Countries: Turkey

Loffelmann v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

Gutl v. Austria

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 March 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Jehovah's Witness - Military service / Conscientious objection / Desertion / Draft evasion / Forced conscription - Religious discrimination | Countries: Austria

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