Last Updated: Friday, 20 October 2017, 11:43 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 24 results
Guide on Article 4 of Protocol No. 4 to the European Convention on Human Rights - Prohibition of collective expulsions of aliens

30 April 2017 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: General Comments/Recommendations

Nabil and others v. Hungary

22 September 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Expulsion - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement - Safe third country | Countries: Hungary - Serbia - Somalia

Fozil Nazarov v. Russia

11 December 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of religion - Non-refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Sharifi et autres c. Italie et Grèce

21 October 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rescue at sea / Interception at sea | Countries: Afghanistan - Eritrea - Greece - Italy - Sudan

Mohammadi v. Austria

3 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Non-refoulement - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures - Regional instruments - Safe third country | Countries: Afghanistan - Austria - Hungary - Serbia

Fact sheet - Collective expulsions of aliens

November 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Expulsions and extraditions

July 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Bakoyev v. Russia

5 February 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

S.H.H. v. The United Kingdom

29 January 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Persons with disabilities - Regional instruments | Countries: Afghanistan - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Mannai c. Italie

27 March 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Torture | Countries: Italy - Tunisia

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