Last Updated: Friday, 23 June 2017, 14:43 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Roma and Travellers

July 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Factsheet - Roma and Travellers

July 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Country Reports

V.M. et autres c. Belgique

7 July 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Reception - Roma | Countries: Belgium - France - Serbia

Horváth and Kiss v. Hungary

29 January 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Right to education - Roma | Countries: Hungary

Hamidovic c. Italie

4 December 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Immigration Detention - Right to family life - Roma | Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina - Italy

I.G. and others v. Slovakia

13 November 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Forced sterilization / Abortion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life - Roma | Countries: Slovakia

Lacatus and others v. Romania

13 November 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life - Roma | Countries: Romania

Fedorchenko and Lozenko v. Ukraine

20 September 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Right to life - Roma | Countries: Ukraine

Panaitescu v. Romania

10 April 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Public health - Roma | Countries: Romania

Seferovic c. Italie

8 February 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Immigration Detention - Right to liberty and security - Roma | Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina - Italy

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