Last Updated: Friday, 26 May 2017, 12:39 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
Selected filters: Refoulement
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Showing 1-10 of 15 results
Ilias and Ahmed v. Hungry

14 March 2017 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions - Refoulement - Right to liberty and security - Safe third country | Countries: Bangladesh - Hungary

M.A. v. Switzerland

18 November 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Credibility assessment - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Refoulement - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Switzerland

Sharifi et autres c. Italie et Grèce

21 October 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Access to procedures - Effective remedy - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rescue at sea / Interception at sea | Countries: Afghanistan - Eritrea - Greece - Italy - Sudan

Fact sheet - Collective expulsions of aliens

November 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Expulsions and extraditions

July 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Singh et autres c. Belgique

2 October 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Minorities - Proof of nationality - Refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Safe third country - Sikh | Countries: Afghanistan - Belgium

R.U. c. Grèce

Cet arrêt est devenu définitif en vertu de l’article 44 § 2 de la Convention. Il peut subir des retouches de forme.

7 June 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Refoulement | Countries: Greece - Turkey

Diallo v. the Czech Republic

23 June 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Manifestly unfounded / Clearly abusive claims - Persecution based on political opinion - Refoulement - Safe third country - Suspensive effect | Countries: Czech Republic - Guinea

M.B. and Others v. Turkey

15 June 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Christian - Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Re-entry - Refoulement | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Turkey

R.C. v. Sweden

9 March 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Persecution based on political opinion - Refoulement - Unlawful departure | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic of - Sweden

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