Last Updated: Thursday, 23 March 2017, 13:41 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-9 of 9 results
M.D. et M.A. c. Belgique

19 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Chechen - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Persecution based on political opinion - Refugee status determination (RSD) / Asylum procedures | Countries: Belgium - Russian Federation

M.A.D. c. France

12 October 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Countries: France - Guinea

Iskandarov v. Russia

23 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Deportation / Forcible return - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Russian Federation - Tajikistan

Y.P. et L.P. c. France

2 September 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Arbitrary arrest and detention - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Belarus - France

A v. Netherlands

20 July 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Asylum-seekers - Deportation / Forcible return - Exclusion clauses - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - National security / Public order - Opposition | Countries: Libya - Netherlands

Baysakov and Others v. Ukraine

This judgment became final on 18 May 2010.

18 February 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Opposition - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Kazakhstan - Ukraine

Christian Democratic People's Party v. Moldova (No. 2)

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

2 February 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of assembly and association - Human rights activists - Human rights and fundamental freedoms - Opposition - Political parties | Countries: Moldova, Republic of

Harutioenyan and Others v. the Netherlands

Decision on admissibility.

1 September 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Mental health - Opposition - Persecution based on political opinion - Political parties - Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Countries: Armenia - Netherlands

Olaechea Cahuas c. Espagne

DÉFINITIF 11/12/2006. Cet arrêt deviendra définitif dans les conditions définies à l?article 44 § 2 de la Convention. Il peut subir des retouches de forme.

10 August 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Extradition - Opposition - Persecution based on political opinion - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness - Terrorism | Countries: Peru - Spain

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