Last Updated: Friday, 26 May 2017, 12:39 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 48 results
J.K. and Others v. Sweden

4 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Threats / Intimidation | Countries: Iraq - Sweden

Khalikov v. Russia

26 February 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to liberty and security | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

A.F. c. France

15 January 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Credibility assessment - Darfuri - Torture | Countries: France - Sudan

A.A. c. France

15 January 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Appeal / Right to appeal - Armed forces / Military - Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Suspensive effect - Torture | Countries: France - Sudan

Tershiyev v. Azerbaijan

31 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Chechen - Criminal justice - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Azerbaijan - Russian Federation

A.A. and Others v. Sweden

24 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Credibility assessment - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: Somalia - Sweden

Nizamov and Others v. Russia

7 May 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Ismailov v. Russia

17 April 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Country of origin information (COI) - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Rejected asylum-seekers - Suspensive effect - Terrorism - Uzbek | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Ermakov v. Russia

7 November 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Deportation / Forcible return - Effective remedy - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Muslim - National security / Public order - Prison or detention conditions - Torture | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Babar Ahmad and Others v. The United Kingdom

10 April 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Criminal justice - Diplomatic assurances - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions - Terrorism | Countries: Egypt - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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