Last Updated: Wednesday, 24 May 2017, 17:26 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Mollazeinal v. Cyprus

Admissibility application.

18 June 2009 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Deportation / Forcible return - Exhaustion of domestic remedies - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Rejected asylum-seekers - Right to life - Travel documents | Countries: Cyprus - Iran, Islamic Republic of

Mubilanzila Mayeka et Kaniki Mitunga c. Belgique

DÉFINITIF 12/01/2007. Cet arrêt deviendra définitif dans les conditions définies à l'article 44 § 2 de la Convention. Il peut subir des retouches de forme.

12 October 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Airports - Family reunification - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rejection at border - Travel documents | Countries: Belgium - Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Mubilanzila Mayeka and Kaniki Mitunga v. Belgium

This judgment will become final in the circumstances set out in Article 44 § 2 of the Convention. It may be subject to editorial revision.

12 October 2006 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Airports - Family reunification - Immigration Detention - Non-refoulement - Refoulement - Rejection at border - Travel documents | Countries: Belgium - Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Napijalo v. Croatia

13 November 2003 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of movement - Travel documents | Countries: Croatia

Afonso and Antonio v. The Netherlands

8 July 2003 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Decision on admissibility - Travel documents | Countries: Angola - Netherlands

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