Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 April 2017, 09:40 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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R.B.A.B. and Others v. the Netherlands

7 June 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: Netherlands - Sudan

Sow c. Belgique

19 January 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Evidence (including age and language assessments / medico-legal reports) - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Forced marriage - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Gender-based persecution - SGBV | Countries: Belgium - Guinea

Izevbekhai and Others v. Ireland

Decision on admissibility.

17 May 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Non-state agents of persecution - Rejected asylum-seekers - Social group persecution - State protection - Women-at-risk | Countries: Ireland - Nigeria

Violence against Women

March 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Collins and Akaziebie v. Sweden

8 March 2007 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Country of origin information (COI) - Deportation / Forcible return - Female genital mutilation (FGM) - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Internal flight alternative (IFA) / Internal relocation alternative (IRA) / Internal protection alternative (IPA) - State protection | Countries: Nigeria - Sweden

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