Last Updated: Thursday, 23 March 2017, 13:41 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 126 results
Ouabour c. Belgique

2 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Terrorism | Countries: Belgium - Morocco

Tatar v. Switzerland

14 April 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Blood feuds - Criminal justice - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Mental health - Right to health | Countries: Switzerland - Turkey

Fozil Nazarov v. Russia

11 December 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of religion - Non-refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Trabelsi v. Belgium

4 September 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Suspensive effect | Countries: Belgium - Tunisia - United States of America

Tershiyev v. Azerbaijan

31 July 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Chechen - Criminal justice - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Rejected asylum-seekers | Countries: Azerbaijan - Russian Federation

Ukaj c. Suisse

24 June 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Crime prevention - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Expulsion - Habitual residence - Kosovar - Right to family life - Temporary protection | Countries: Switzerland

Nizamov and Others v. Russia

7 May 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armed groups / Militias / Paramilitary forces / Resistance movements - Criminal justice - Deportation / Forcible return - Extradition - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Zokhidov v. Russia

5 February 2013 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Effective remedy - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Rule of law / Due process / Procedural fairness | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Lacatus and others v. Romania

13 November 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Right to family life - Roma | Countries: Romania

Gasimova and Others v. Azerbaijan

Judgments related to this judgment: Gulmammadova v. Azerbaijan, 22 April 2010; Bakhshiyev and Others v. Azerbaijan, 3 May 2012.

3 May 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) | Countries: Azerbaijan

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