Last Updated: Monday, 29 May 2017, 14:53 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Showing 1-10 of 15 results
Sargsyan v. Azerbaijan

16 June 2015 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Armenian - Discrimination based on race, nationality, ethnicity - Effective remedy - Housing, land and property rights (HLP) - Religious discrimination - Return conditions | Countries: Azerbaijan

Fozil Nazarov v. Russia

11 December 2014 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Criminal justice - Expulsion - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Freedom of religion - Non-refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) | Countries: Russian Federation - Uzbekistan

Singh et autres c. Belgique

2 October 2012 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Minorities - Proof of nationality - Refoulement - Religious discrimination - Religious persecution (including forced conversion) - Safe third country - Sikh | Countries: Afghanistan - Belgium

Fact sheet - Hate Speech

February 2012 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Freedom of Religion

July 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Handbook on European non-discrimination law

21 March 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Handbooks/Manuals

Boychev et autres c. Bulgarie

27 January 2011 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Unification Church | Countries: Bulgaria

Milanovic v. Serbia

14 December 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Hare Krishna - Hindu - Religious discrimination | Countries: Serbia

Savez Crkava Riječ Života and Others v. Croatia

9 December 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of conscience - Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Right to education | Countries: Croatia

O'Donoghue and Others v. the United Kingdom

14 November 2010 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Freedom of religion - Religious discrimination - Right to family life | Countries: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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