Last Updated: Thursday, 19 January 2017, 13:50 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Khlaifia and Others v. Italy

15 December 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

Paposhvili v. Belgium

13 December 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

Abdullahi Elmi and Aweys Abubakar v. Malta

22 November 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

El Ghatet v. Switzerland

8 November 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

B.A.C. c. Grèce

13 October 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

Richmond Yaw et autres c. Italie

6 October 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

Reply to the Questionnaire from Greece

26 September 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Country Reports

Alimov v. Turkey

6 September 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

Mihhailov v. Estonia

30 August 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

J.K. and Others v. Sweden

23 August 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law

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