Last Updated: Friday, 19 January 2018, 17:46 GMT

Journalists Killed in 2008 - Motive Unconfirmed: Georgi Stoev

Publisher Committee to Protect Journalists
Publication Date January 2009
Cite as Committee to Protect Journalists, Journalists Killed in 2008 - Motive Unconfirmed: Georgi Stoev, January 2009, available at: [accessed 20 January 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

April 7, 2008, in Sofia, Bulgaria

Two unidentified men shot Stoev, author of a popular series of books on the rise of Bulgaria's criminal underworld after the fall of communism. Stoev, 35, was walking on a busy street near the Pliska Hotel in Bulgaria's capital, Sofia, when the assailants shot him at close range, the independent news Web site Mediapool reported. Stoev was taken to Pirogov Hospital, where he underwent surgery but died later that day. The assailants fled the scene.

According to local news reports, Stoev was a former bodyguard and a retired member of the notorious racketeering group VIS, which extorted money from private businesses. He wrote nine books, all chronicling the history of organized crime. One, The BG Godfather: The Real Story of Madzho, detailed the activities of crime boss Mladen Mikhalev, also known as Madzho. According to the independent news site Sofia Echo, Stoev told several Bulgarian interviewers that he was willing to testify that Mikhalev had directed him to carry out murders. Stoev claimed he did not follow through on the assignments.

Stoev's publisher, Nedyalko Nedyalkov, said on April 7 that he believed the writer was killed "by his characters," local press reports said. The Bulgarian news agency Novinite said Stoev presented Nedyalkov with a copy of his book The BG Godfather and said: "I give you this book, for which I will be killed." Sofia City Prosecutor Nikolai Kokinov told television channel bTV that authorities had offered Stoev "every possible protection as legislated by the code of criminal procedure," but the writer had refused.

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