Amnesty International Report 2000 - Lithuania
|Publication Date||1 June 2000|
|Cite as||Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 2000 - Lithuania , 1 June 2000, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6aa0b3c.html [accessed 24 November 2017]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Republic of Lithuania
Head of state: Valdas Adamkus
Head of government: Andrius Kubilius (replaced Rolandas Paksas in October, who replaced Gediminas Vagnorius in May)
Population: 3.7 million
Official language: Lithuanian
Death penalty: abolitionist for all crimes
1999 treaty ratifications/signatures: Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the abolition of the death penalty
Lithuania abolished the death penalty in 1999 by ratifying Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the abolition of the death penalty. The small number of prisoners under sentence of death had their sentences commuted to life imprisonment.
Lithuania abolished the death penalty in June when the parliament (Seimas) voted by an overwhelming majority to ratify Protocol No.6, which provides for the abolition of the death penalty except in time of war or the imminent threat of war.
After the ruling of the Constitutional Court of Lithuania on 9 December 1998 that the death penalty was unconstitutional, Lithuania made rapid progress to abolition during peacetime. The Constitutional Court ruled that the death penalty violated the basic human rights to life and protection from cruelty which are enshrined in the country's Constitution. On 21 December 1998 the Seimas voted for new legislation which replaced the death sentence with life imprisonment. As a result, nine prisoners under sentence of death were given life sentences. In January 1999 Lithuania signed Protocol No.6. On 22 June the Seimas voted overwhelmingly in favour of ratification and for the abolition of the death penalty. On 8 July Lithuania officially ratified Protocol No.6.