Last Updated: Friday, 19 January 2018, 17:46 GMT

Amnesty International Report 1996 - Lithuania

Publisher Amnesty International
Publication Date 1 January 1996
Cite as Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 1996 - Lithuania, 1 January 1996, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6a9ff54.html [accessed 20 January 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.
Two people were executed. Four death sentences were commuted and five people remained under sentence of death.

In June Lithuania ratified the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which it had signed in May 1993. In September it signed the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

In February the Supreme Court ruled that there were no grounds for reviewing the death sentence passed on Boris Dekanidze, who had been convicted in November 1994 of ordering the assassination of a journalist (see Amnesty International Report 1995). He was executed in July, following rejection of his petition for clemency by President Algirdas Brazauskas. Earlier in the year the Lithuanian Clemency Commission, headed by the President, had for the first time commuted a death sentence to life imprisonment.

Throughout the year Amnesty International appealed to the Lithuanian authorities to commute all pending death sentences and to abolish the death penalty. In March the organization expressed concern to the Lithuanian authorities that their failure to carry out a full review of the death sentence passed on Boris Dekanidze may have amounted to a breach of Article 14(5) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which the Republic of Lithuania is a party. In November Amnesty International asked the authorities for clarification of the number of prisoners currently under sentence of death and for information on whether appeals had been heard against the sentences passed. In December the organization was informed that "within the period of six months of 1995" a total of eight death sentences had been passed. Three had been reduced to life imprisonment on appeal; the other five were still pending.

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