Last Updated: Wednesday, 24 May 2017, 17:26 GMT

Kenya: Last warning from the court to implement the PBO Act 2013 within 30 days

Publisher International Federation for Human Rights
Publication Date 18 May 2017
Cite as International Federation for Human Rights, Kenya: Last warning from the court to implement the PBO Act 2013 within 30 days, 18 May 2017, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/591eb2bd4.html [accessed 25 May 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

"The latest High Court ruling on the commencement of the 2013 Public Benefit Organisations Act (PBO Act), eagerly awaited by Kenyan civil society for more than four years, is a welcome sign from the judiciary, two weeks after the publication of our report", said the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders today.

On May 13, 2017, Nairobi High Court judge Mativo ordered the Interior Cabinet Secretary, Mr. Joseph Nkaissery, to publish in the Gazette within the next 30 days, the commencement date of the Public Benefit Organisation (PBO) Act 2013 [1]. The judge declared that the Kenyan government was clearly in contempt of court over its failure to comply with a similar ruling eight months ago. However, the judge decided to give it a last chance to the government to implement the before taking legal measures.

Last week's court order was not the first. It followed a similar ruling issued on October 31, 2016, by another High Court judge, Louis Onguto, which gave 14 days to the Cabinet Secretary for Devolution and Planning, Mr. Mwangi Kiunjuri, at that time in charge of the regulation of the civil society sector, to commence the PBO Act [2]. On September 9, 2016, Mr. Kiunjuri had already given notice of commencement of the PBO Act, putting the hopes of Kenyan civil society high again after years of waiting. However, after the ruling, no further development followed, and instead, the control of the non-governmental sector was moved under the portfolio of the Ministry of Interior, rendering the Court order inapplicable.

"Such a manoeuvre clearly aims at escaping the High Court order and at neutralising the goodwill expressed by the Cabinet Secretary for Devolution and Planning. This is very worrying, particularly in a democratic State claiming to uphold the rule of law" declared Mr. Gerald Staberock, OMCT Secretary General. "It shows the level of arbitrariness exercised by the Kenyan government to control civil society and the blatant disrespect of the Executive for the judiciary", he added.

This second High Court ruling, which was, as the previous one, triggered by civil society legal action trying to hold the Kenyan government accountable for its inaction, was originally scheduled on March 15, 2017. However, the several failures by the three respondents, the Cabinet Secretary for Devolution and Planning, the Ministry of Interior and the Attorney General, to file their response, forced Justice Mativo to postpone the case until May 23, 2017. Finally, to avoid further delays and not wait until the physical hearing at the end of May, counsel for the applicants and the respondents were asked to make written submissions since, according to the judge, the matter was quite straight forward.

"After more than four years of inaction the Kenyan authorities should operationalise without any further delay the PBO Act 2013, and put an end to any form of arbitrariness and abuses against Kenyan civil society", said FIDH Vice-President, Ms. Sheila Nabashwa.

The PBO Act 2013 is a law seeking to provide a more enabling environment for NGOs, with clear criteria regarding NGOs' registration, enhanced accountability, set timelines for processing applications, as well as tax incentives and benefits for organisations conducting "public benefit activities". It was passed by the Parliament in 2012 and signed into law by the then President Mwai Kibakion January 14, 2013,but has not been operationalised yet under the Kenyatta administration, while several attempts have been made to introduce new restrictive amendments prior to its official commencement.

On May 3, 2017, the Observatory published an international fact-finding mission report entitled "Kenya: 2017 elections: broken promises put human rights defenders at risk", which provides a series of recommendations addressed to the authorities to improve the space for civil society engaged in the promotion and protection of human rights, among which the call for the immediate operationalization of the PBO Act 2013 [3].

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by FIDH and OMCT. The objective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. FIDH and OMCT are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

[1] The PBO Act is available on: http://pboact.or.ke/resources/documents/category/3-legislation.

[2] See the Observatory Press Release issued on November 4, 2016.

[3] See the Observatory Press Release issued on May 3, 2017.

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