Last Updated: Monday, 18 December 2017, 07:50 GMT

Burundi: Membership cards of the National Council for the Defence of Democracy - Forces for the Defence of Democracy (Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie - Forces pour la défense de la démocratie, CNDD-FDD) and their issuance (2004-2016)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Publication Date 22 December 2016
Citation / Document Symbol BDI105710.FE
Related Document(s) Burundi : information sur les cartes de membres du Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie - Forces pour la défense de la démocratie (CNDD-FDD) et leur émission (2004-2016)
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Burundi: Membership cards of the National Council for the Defence of Democracy - Forces for the Defence of Democracy (Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie - Forces pour la défense de la démocratie, CNDD-FDD) and their issuance (2004-2016), 22 December 2016, BDI105710.FE, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/58cfc4a34.html [accessed 18 December 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa

Information on CNDD-FDD membership cards and their issuance was scarce among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

With respect to the process for obtaining the membership cards, in correspondence sent to the Research Directorate, a doctor of political and social sciences at the University of Lake Tanganyika (Université du Lac Tanganyika) explains that the same process applies to all parties in Burundi: an individual joins a party; a [translation] "candidate monitoring" period follows; and, after a minimum of three months (the doctor notes that the duration could vary, however), the official oath taking ceremony is held in the commune (doctor of political and social science, 15 Dec. 2016). It is at that time that the signs and symbols, such as the membership card, scarf or uniform, are given (ibid.). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Doctor of political and social sciences, Université du Lac Tanganyika, Bujumbura. 15 December 2016. Correspondence sent to the Research Directorate.

Additional Sources Consulted

Oral sources: Independent consultant on Burundi; researcher, Institut de recherche pour le développement.

Internet sites, including: Amnesty International; ecoi.net; Factiva; Fédération internationale des ligues de droits de l'homme; Freedom House; Human Rights Watch; International Crisis Group; IRIN; Keesing's Document Checker; United Nations - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Refworld, ReliefWeb; United States - Department of State.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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