Last Updated: Friday, 16 February 2018, 15:01 GMT

Nigeria: Violence causes death and displacement in central and northern Nigeria

Publisher Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC)
Publication Date 21 March 2012
Cite as Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC), Nigeria: Violence causes death and displacement in central and northern Nigeria, 21 March 2012, available at: [accessed 19 February 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Since January more than 2,000 people have fled from the north-eastern town of Maiduguri following attacks by the Boko Haram Islamist sect. In central and northern Nigeria since the beginning of the year, violent attacks against civilians, suspected to be perpetrated by Boko Haram, the ensuing police and military crackdowns, have occurred on an almost daily basis. These incidents have resulted in death, the destruction of property and the displacement of people from their homes. While large numbers of Nigerians have found refuge in the south of the country, thousands of migrants from Chad and Niger have headed back home.

Since February 26th, such incidents include two suicide attacks on churches in the central Nigerian city of Jos that killed at least 10 people and injured dozens, strikes on police stations in the northern localities of Konduga, Ashaka, Kano and Mandawari and the torching of at least ten schools. Attacks on schools represent a new development in an increasingly violent campaign that has previously targeted mainly Christians or government structures. Violence by Boko Haram, which means "Western education is forbidden", has claimed more than 1,000 lives since 2010, according to Human Rights Watch.

In a separate development, renewed clashes over land access and ownership between Fulani herdsmen and Tiv peasants in Benue State, central Nigeria, have also left several people dead and forced thousands to flee. Fearing that the crisis would spill over several residents of neighbouring town in Nasarawa state have sought refuge in a primary school that has been used as a temporary shelter by IDPs for several months.

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