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Ethiopia: Information on new citizenship rules that were to be brought in with the new 1994 constitution; on whether Eritreans can have double nationality with Ethiopia; and on the practical and legal implications of this status

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 May 1995
Citation / Document Symbol ETH20690.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ethiopia: Information on new citizenship rules that were to be brought in with the new 1994 constitution; on whether Eritreans can have double nationality with Ethiopia; and on the practical and legal implications of this status, 1 May 1995, ETH20690.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6acb368.html [accessed 23 November 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

 

Further to Response to Information Request ETH18070.E of 28 July 1994 on regulations regarding Ethiopian and Eritrean dual citizenship, an official at the Embassy of Ethiopia in Ottawa stated in a telephone interview that double nationality or dual citizenship is not recognized in Ethiopia's new constitution (18 May 1995).

According to the Eritrean Nationality Proclamation No. 21/1992, there is no explicit provision for dual nationality for Eritreans (Eritrean Nationality Proclamation No. 21/1992 6 Apr. 1992, 5). However, the authorities may decide to revoke the nationality of an Eritrean who voluntarily acquires the nationality of a foreign country, or officially renounces his or her Eritrean nationality (ibid.).

According to the official at the Ethiopian embassy, Ethiopia has signed a cooperation agreement with the government of Eritrea, which among other provisions, permits the free movement of citizens between the two countries (18 May 1995). The official added that government employment is usually reserved for each country's nationals (ibid.).

The existence of a freedom of movement agreement was corroborated by an Eritrean radio report of 12 October 1993, and by Africa Research Bulletin, the latter of which reported that the agreement permits citizens of the two countries to travel free of visa or immigration requirements bewteen the two (Voice of the Broad Masses of Eritrea 12 Oct. 1993; Sept. 1993, 11136). None of the sources consulted by the DIRB indicate that Eritreans enjoy double nationality with Ethiopia.

Additional information, including the text of the new Ethiopian constitution and citizenship law of 1994, could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.

References

Africa Research Bulletin: Political Social and Cultural Series. September 1993. Vol. 30, No. 9. "Eritrea-Ethiopia: Free Movement of People."

Embassy of Ethiopia, Ottawa. 18 May 1995. Telephone interview with official.

Eritrea. 6 April 1992. Eritrean Nationality Proclamation No. 21/1992.

Voice of the Broad Masses of Eritrea [Asmara, in Amharic]. 12 October 1993. (FBIS-AFR-93-197 14 Oct. 1993)

Attachments

Africa Research Bulletin: Political Social and Cultural Series. September 1993. Vol. 30, No. 9. "Eritrea-Ethiopia: Free Movement of People," p. 11136.

Eritrea. 6 April 1992. Eritrean Nationality Proclamation No. 21/1992.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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