Sinai Jihadists Respond to Egyptian Military Offensive with Statements and Suicide Bombs
|Publication Date||19 September 2013|
|Citation / Document Symbol||Terrorism Monitor Volume: 11 Issue: 18|
|Cite as||Jamestown Foundation, Sinai Jihadists Respond to Egyptian Military Offensive with Statements and Suicide Bombs, 19 September 2013, Terrorism Monitor Volume: 11 Issue: 18, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/5243edc34.html [accessed 21 February 2017]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
As the Egyptian military intensifies its campaign against militants and terrorists in the volatile but strategic Sinai Peninsula, their jihadist opponents have responded with a series of messages claiming the Army is using excessive force, destroying property and killing civilians. These statements of defiance have been backed up by several suicide attacks designed to dissuade Egypt's security forces from pursuing the complete elimination of the various Salafi-Jihadi groups operating in the Sinai.
In a statement released on September 4, al-Salafiya al-Jihadiya fi Sinai disputed the reported arrests of al-Qaeda leaders in the Sinai, calling such reports "lies and silly fabrications" designed to "cover up the acts of treachery and betrayal committed by the Egyptian army blatantly and the crimes committed against the people of Sinai."  The Salafist movement accused Egyptian authorities of borrowing methods used by the Israelis on the Palestinian population and acting under Israeli direction in targeting homes and mosques in the Sinai as well as demolishing other homes to create a buffer zone at the Rafah border point. The statement condemns in particular the shelling of the Abi Munir mosque in al-Muqata'a village (near the town of Shaykh Zuwayid). The movement says Egyptian troops fire indiscriminately, killing and wounding innocent parties, acts which make the Egyptian military "an assaulting apostate sect which should be deterred and repelled and this is what the mujahideen are doing every day with operations that are burning and breaking their forces."
A September 11 statement by the Jama'at Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis militant group said the stated goal of the Egyptian Army in the Sinai, the liquidation of criminal and terrorist elements, was only a screen for its real purpose - the creation of a buffer zone "to protect Jews from any threats from militants in the Sinai and to prevent any strikes of the mujahideen against the Jews."  The statement goes on to accuse the Egyptian Army of mounting its own campaign of terrorism and intimidation in the region through random shelling, arson, the destruction of wells, looting, indiscriminate fire and the repeated targeting of mosques without justification. All these acts are committed with the intention of serving "the interests of the Jews and to preserve their security." The Egyptian Army has thus aligned itself with "the enemies of God and the enemies of Islam."
A second communiqué issued by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis on September 15 decried the "displacement and terrorism launched by the Egyptian Army on the people of the Sinai" and claimed that the Army had committed a massacre of seven named civilians (including four children under seven years-of-age) who were killed by shellfire or under the treads of one of the 30 tanks the movement says the Army used to attack their village on the morning of September 13.  The statement claims the attack's objective was to prevent the mujahideen from attacking commercial centers in Israel from the Sinai and was carried out on the orders of the American Army. The movement promised a "painful response" to the Egyptian Army's "criminality and apostasy."
The Egyptian Army's use of armor, Apache helicopters and 20,000 troops to strike alleged terrorist refuges in the Sinai marks the greatest Egyptian military concentration in the region since the 1973 Ramadan War with Israel. Though the campaign was initially stated to have the purpose of eliminating radical Salafist jihadi organizations in the Sinai, the Army has expanded its mandate to include daily raids on homes believed to belong to opponents of July's military coup (Mubasher Misr, September 13). The campaign is expected to last six months.
In an unusual development, but one that reflects the growing security cooperation between Israel and the Egyptian military, a delegation of Israeli security officials arrived in Cairo on a private jet on September 11 to discuss security issues in the Sinai with their Egyptian counterparts (Arutz Sheva, September 12). A statement from the pro-Mursi National Alliance to Support Legitimacy said the meeting was intended to coordinate efforts with Israel to kill innocent civilians, destroy local agriculture, displace residents and demolish mosques, "just like the Israeli army in the occupied territories" (Egypt Independent, September 16).
The militants have attempted to fight back, offering armed resistance in the villages and a mix of car bombs and suicide bombs to disrupt the Army's campaign. Roughly 50 soldiers and policemen have been killed in the Sinai since July.
In a September 5 "martyrdom operation," a bomb went off in Nasr City as Interior Minister Muhammad Ibrahim's convoy passed, though Ibrahim, the intended target, survived (Ahram Online [Cairo], September 13). The group apologized to "Muslims in general and the relatives of the martyrs in particular" for its failure to kill Ibrahim, but promised further attacks would follow until this objective was achieved. The statement explained that the group was "working to establish the religion of Allah on Earth" while refusing to "take the road of pagan democracy."
On September 11, two car bombs targeted the military intelligence headquarters in Rafah and a nearby military checkpoint, killing six soldiers and the two suicide bombers. The attacks were claimed by Jund al-Islam (MENA/Ahram Online [Cairo], September 7; AFP, September 13).
On September 16 a bus carrying Central Security Force conscripts was hit by either a roadside bomb or an RPG, injuring seven conscripts (Ahram Online, September 16).
Egyptian Army spokesman Colonel Ahmad Ali recently said the army had been surprised by the "sudden escalation in terrorist attacks" after the army took control of the country, though he denied the jihadists' accusations the army had used excessive force in the campaign, remarking that if that was the case, "we would have finished terrorism off in 24 hours" (Daily News Egypt, September 15).
1. Al-Salafiya al-Jihadiya fi Sinai, "Lying Agents," Fursan al-Balagh Media, September 4, 2013, http://ansar1.info/showthread.php?t=46874.
2. Jama'at Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, "The Egyptian Army - Criminality and Betrayal: Statement on the Extended Military Campaign against the People of the Sinai," September 11, 2013, http://ansar1.info/showthread.php?t=46923.
3. Jama'at Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, "Second Statement on the Extended Military Campaign against the People of the Sinai," September 15, http://ansar1.info/showthread.php?t=46962.
4. Jama'at Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, "Battle of Revenge for the Muslims of Egypt: Assassination Attempt of the Egyptian Interior Minister," September 8, 2013, http://ansar1.info/showthread.php?t=46902.