Finland: Act of 1922 on the High Court of Impeachment
|Publisher||National Legislative Bodies / National Authorities|
|Publication Date||25 November 1922|
|Other Languages / Attachments||French|
|Cite as||Finland: Act of 1922 on the High Court of Impeachment [Finland], 25 November 1922, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b52524.html [accessed 20 October 2017]|
|Comments||This is the official consolidated translation. The Act, No. 273 of 25 November 1922, was promulgated in Helsinki on 25 November 1922. The latest amendment included here was Act No. 339 of 17 March 1995.|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
The High Court of Impeachment shall hear charges brought against a member of the Council of State, the Chancellor of Justice, the Assistant Chancellor of Justice, the deputy Assistant Chancellor of Justice, the Parliamentary Ombudsman, the Assistant Parliamentary Ombudsman, the deputy Assistant Parliamentary Ombudsman or the President or a member of the Supreme Court or of the Supreme Administrative Court, for proceeding in an unlawful manner in an official act. (21 December 1990/1223)
The High Court of Impeachment shall comprise the President of the Supreme Court as Chairman and, as members, the President of the Supreme Administrative Court, the three most senior Presidents of the Courts of Appeal and a Professor, learned in law, of the Faculty of Law of the University of Helsinki, elected together with his deputy by the Faculty from among its members for a period of four years, as well as six other members, elected together with their personal deputies by Parliament for a period of four years. If Parliament is unable to agree on the election, then the electors of Parliament shall conduct an election. If the electors do not reach a consensus on the election, then it shall be conducted by proportional ballot. If the President of the Supreme Court or of the Supreme Administrative Court is prevented from attending the hearing of a matter, the most senior member of that court shall be summoned to take his place. When a President of a Court of Appeal is prevented from attending, he shall be replaced by the most senior President of a Court of Appeal, who is not a member of the High Court of Impeachment. If necessary, an elected member shall be replaced by his deputy and the Chairman by the President of the Supreme Administrative Court. (17 March 1995/339)
When bringing charges in the High Court of Impeachment under sections 47, 49 or 59 of the Constitution Act, the Chancellor of Justice, the Parliamentary Ombudsman or a person appointed for the purpose by the President of the Republic or by Parliament shall request of the Chairman of the High Court of Impeachment that the person charged be summoned to answer the charges. Thereafter the Chairman shall take steps to convene the High Court of Impeachment in order to hear the case in proper legal order. (21 December 1990/1223)
At the conclusion of its hearing the High Court of Impeachment shall pass judgment on the matter, applying general law. No pardon shall be granted in such a case unless so proposed by the High Court of Impeachment.
This Act shall enter into force as a Constitutional Act.