International Trade Union Confederation, 2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Portugal, 6 June 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/51b8515b47.html [accessed 21 January 2017]
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Restriction of the extension of collective agreements: On 31 October 31, 2012 a Resolution no. 92/2012 of the Council of Ministers ended the practice of the erga omnes extension of sectoral collective agreements. Collective agreements can now only be extended if 50 per cent of the employers in the sector are signatories and the competitiveness of the sector is assured.
The Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity did not extend collective agreements from June 2011 onwards. Collective bargaining coverage has decreased by half and only covered about a quarter of the workforce in 2012.