Last Updated: Friday, 20 October 2017, 11:43 GMT

Uganda: Update on the treatment of Uganda People's Congress (UPC) by the National Resistance Movement (NRM)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 27 April 2001
Citation / Document Symbol UGA36814.E
Reference 2
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Uganda: Update on the treatment of Uganda People's Congress (UPC) by the National Resistance Movement (NRM), 27 April 2001, UGA36814.E, available at: [accessed 22 October 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

In addition to UGA36093.E of 6 February 2001, Country Reports 2000 states that

The Constitution [1995] formally extended the one-party movement

form of government for 5 years and severely restricted political activities ... On April 21, police in Mbale beat Ahmed Washaki, an official of the Uganda People's Congress (UPC), and locked him in a toilet for allegedly campaigning against the referendum on political systems ... In June [2000] a national referendum on the role of political parties resulted in the indefinite extension of the Movement form of government. The referendum process was flawed by restrictions on political party activities and unequal funding ... On July 15, police in Kampala stopped a rally organized by an UPC official (2001 Sections 1.c., 1.d., and 3)

Members of the UPC party in Uganda reportedly said that their exiled leader Milton Obote "can only return home if President Yoweri Museveni withdraws his threats to shoot him" (The Monitor 19 Apr. 2001). The vice-chairman of the UPC's Presidential Policy Commission (PPC) also allegedly said that Obote, who has lived in Zambia since July 1985 when he was deposed in a military coup, "would only return on condition that article 269 of the Uganda constitution is repealed for free party activity" (ibid.).

Africa Confidential states that "since 1996, there has been almost nobody in government who did not share Museveni's political views ... Museveni's political behaviour so far – demonising the opposition, narrowing his political base and putting his trust in the army – bodes ill for conciliatory governance" (6 Apr. 2001).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Africa Confidential [London]. 6 April 2001. "Uganda: Ungracious Winner."

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2000. 2001. United States Department of State. Washington, DC. [Accessed: 27 Apr. 2001]

The Monitor [Kampala]. 19 April 2001. Alex B. Atuhaire. "Obote Won't Return Because of Museveni Threat, says UPC." [Accessed: 19 Apr. 2001]

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Research Bulletin.

Amnesty International Report 1999.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1999. 2000.

Keesing's Record of World Events.


Resource Centre. Country File. Uganda.

Search engines including:




Internet sites including:

All Africa

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

Search Refworld