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Uganda: Corruption within the government structure including that which is associated with the President and his family

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 17 November 2000
Citation / Document Symbol UGA36009.E
Reference 7
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Uganda: Corruption within the government structure including that which is associated with the President and his family, 17 November 2000, UGA36009.E, available at: [accessed 18 January 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

In the Transparency International 2000 Corruption Perceptions Index, Uganda was ranked as the 11th most corrupt country of the 90 countries surveyed (13 Sept. 2000). On 3 November 2000, The Monitor reported that, according to the director of education in Uganda's office of the Inspector General of Government (IGG), "corruption is on the rise in the country" and, according to the Inspector General of Police, "the majority of government organs are corrupt" (New Vision 3 Oct. 2000). On 30 October 2000, the African Church Information Service quoted a "World Bank expert" as saying that "90 percent of firms in Uganda have to bribe their way through and pay and average of US $8,300 annually to public officials, which is little more than company profit earnings." Country Reports 1999 also states that, throughout 1999, "foreign investment slowed amid growing corruption" (2000, Intro.).

There are reports of alleged corruption within the police force (New Vision 24 June 2000; ibid. 25 Oct. 2000; The Monitor 2 Nov. 2000), the Ministry of Defence including the Ugandan People's Defence Force (New Vision 17 July 2000; ibid. 30 July 2000; ibid. 12 Dec. 1999), the External Security Organisation (The Monitor 8 Sept. 2000), among members of parliament (New Vision 13 Aug. 2000; The Monitor 11 Sept. 2000) and in the Cabinet (NewAfrican Feb. 1998).

There are also reports of corruption concerning President Museveni's brother, Salim Saleh (ARB Oct. 1998, 13289; ibid. Dec. 1998, 13361; ION 9 Jan. 1999, 6; ibid. 13 Mar. 1999, 4; New Vision 25 June 2000). According to Europa 2000, "in early December [1999] Museveni's brother, Maj.-Gen. Salim Saleh, resigned his post as presidential advisor on defence, having admitted 'improper conduct' in his private business affairs" (2000, 3670). Please see the attached articles for details. No other reports concerning corruption among members of Museveni's family could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

The Inspectorate General of Government (IGG), described as "an anti-corruption unit to complement the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) and the Auditor-General's Office" was formed in an effort to combat corruption (African Church Information Service 30 Oct. 2000). Between July 1999 and June 2000, the IGG was reported to have handled 6,019 cases of corruption and The Monitor reported that the IGG was prosecuting over 40 cases of corruption in the courts as of early November (3 Nov. 2000). According to New African, however, as of February 1998, the IGG was considered to be "a weak organization without powers to prosecute. It [had] no offices and a very low budget."

In 1999, Justice Julie Ssebutinde led a commission of inquiry into corruption in the police force and reported to the President in June 2000 (New Vision 24 June 2000). On 2 November 2000, The Monitor reported that a white paper being studied by a cabinet subcommittee was recommending many of the "top brass" of the police force be fired or retired (The Monitor 2 Nov. 2000).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please see below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


African Church Information Service. 30 October 2000. Crespo Sebunya. "Uganda's Growing Intolerance of Underhand Deals." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

Africa Research Bulletin (AFB) [Oxford]. December 1998. "Uganda: Saleh Resigns."

_____. October 1998. "Uganda: Tales of Nepotism."

The Europa World Yearbook 2000. 2000. London: Europa Publications.

Indian Ocean Newsletter (ION) [Paris]. 13 March 1999. No. 849. "Uganda: Westmont Goes Down."

_____. 9 January 1999. No. 840. "Uganda: Heads Start Rolling."

The Monitor [Kampala]. 3 November 2000. Sheila C. Kulubya an Katamba G. Mohammed. "Corruption Rising-IGG." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 2 November 2000. Andrew M. Mwenda. "Cabinet Wants All Top Police Sacked." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 11 September 2000. Henry Mukasa Nsubuga. "Parliament Under More Fire Over Car Loans." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 8 September 2000. Siraje Lubwama. "Uganda: Jailed External Security Organization Director Complains of Torture." (Africa News/NEXIS)

NewAfrican [London]. February 1998. "Furore Over Corruption." [Accessed 7 Nov. 2000]

New Vision [Kampala]. 25 October 2000. "Cabinet to Discuss Ssebutinde Report." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 3 October 2000. "Government Organs are Corrupt." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 22 September 2000. "Keep Off Tender, Matembe Warns Kamuli Politicians." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 13 August 2000. "MPs Probed for Dubious Claims." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 30 July 2000. Felix Osike. "Parliament to Probe Defence." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 17 July 2000. "1B/-UPDF Congo Salary Missing." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 25 June 2000. Peter G. Mwesige. "Uganda Politics: Saleh, Besigye Face Possible Prosecution." (Africa News/NEXIS)

_____. 24 June 2000. "Museveni Gets Police Probe Report." [Accessed 6 Nov. 2000]

_____. 12 December 1999. Robert Kabushenga. "President Museveni Should Ruthlessly Deal with Corruptoin in the UPDF." (Africa News/NEXIS)

Transparency International [Berlin]. 13 September 2000. Transparency International Releases the Year 2000 Corruption Perceptions Index. <> [Accessed 8 Nov. 2000]


Africa Research Bulletin (AFB) [Oxford]. December 1998. "Uganda: Saleh Resigns."

_____. October 1998. "Uganda: Tales of Nepotism."

Additional Sources Consulted

Political Handbook of the World: 1999 . 1999.


Uganda Country File. Resource Centre.

World News Connection (WNC)

Internet Sites including:

Amnesty International

Human Rights Watch

Radio Simba [Kampala]

Search Engines including:


Hot Bot


Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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