Last Updated: Wednesday, 27 July 2016, 06:53 GMT

Uganda: Information on the 9th of October Movement, including its activities, ideology, and location; on whether the group was active from late 1994 to 1995 and on whether it is currently active

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 April 1996
Citation / Document Symbol UGA23774.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Uganda: Information on the 9th of October Movement, including its activities, ideology, and location; on whether the group was active from late 1994 to 1995 and on whether it is currently active, 1 April 1996, UGA23774.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6abb324.html [accessed 27 July 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

 

The Ninth of October Movement (NOM) is a rebel group that has been active along the border regions of eastern and northeastern Uganda (Indian Ocean Newsletter 6 Jan. 1996; Reuters 12 Feb. 1989; AFP 12 Nov. 1995) reputedly maintaining camps on the Kenyan side of the border (AFP 12 Nov. 1995; Radio Uganda 10 July 1995; ibid. 12 Apr. 1991) In 1989, the NOM claimed responsibilty for attacks in north-eastern Uganda, around Usuku (Reuters 12 Feb. 1989), while in 1991 Xinhua reported that there were disturbances involving the Ninth of October Movement around the Kenyan-Ugandan border town of Busia (9 Apr. 1991). According to Radio Uganda, factionalism developed within the NOM in 1991; fighting occured amongst the various groupings of the movement in the region around their Kenyan encampments (12 Apr. 1991).

Dr. Ruhakana, foreign minister of Uganda, issued a statement about the group in 1995, stating that the NOM has "killed people in Tororo, particularly Resistance Council officials, and its leaders continue to live in Kenya" (Radio Uganda 10 July 1995). Agence France Presse cites New Vision, the official newspaper of Uganda, as stating that NOM troops had joined with rebels from the Ugandan People's Army and the Kenyan military, and were preparing to attack the Ugandan border in November 1995 (12 Nov. 1995). The Indian Ocean Newsletter reports that NOM is currently operating alongside the Ugandan People's Army in the Tororo district, in eastern Uganda (6 Jan. 1996)

The NOM is believed to have links to Milton Obote (Indian Ocean Newsletter 6 Jan. 1996; Xinhua 24 Feb. 1991), the exiled former president of Uganda, and leader of the Ugandan People's Congress. For more information on the Ugandan People's Congress please consult Responses to Information Requests UGA23528.E of 17 April 1996 and UGA23778.E of 23 April 1996.

Media reports indicate that NOM was active in November 1995 and January 1996 (Indian Ocean Newsletter 6 Jan. 1996; AFP 12 Nov. 1995; Radio Uganda 10 July 1995). Information could not be found on whether NOM was active from late 1994 to 1995, nor on the ideology of the NOM. Please find attached various reports on the NOM and its activities.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Agence France Presse. 12 November 1995. "Ugandan Security Forces Release Kenyan Journalists." (NEXIS)

Indian Ocean Newsletter [Paris]. 6 January 1996. "Uganda: Stirring Days for the High Command." (NEXIS)

Radio Uganda [Kampala, in English]. 10 July 1995. "Kenya-Uganda; Ugandan Foreign Minister Says Uganda is Not Harbouring Kenyan Dissidents." (BBC Summary 12 July 1995/NEXIS)

_____. 9 April 1991. "East and Horn of Africa in Brief; Ugandan Commander Says Incidents on Kenya Border Involved Rebels Not Soldiers." (BBC Summary 12 Apr. 1991/NEXIS)

Reuters. 12 February 1989. AM Cycle. "Four Killed in Ugandan Cattle Raids." (NEXIS)

The Xinhua General News Agency. 9 April 1991. "Uganda Denies Kenyan Allegations of Border Incursion." (NEXIS)

_____. 24 January 1991. "Kenya Denies Ugandan Press Report." (NEXIS)

Attachments

Agence France Presse. 12 November 1995. "Ugandan Security Forces Release Kenyan Journalists." (NEXIS)

Indian Ocean Newsletter [Paris]. 6 January 1996. "Uganda: Stirring Days for the High Command." (NEXIS)

Radio Uganda [Kampala, in English]. 10 July 1995. "Kenya-Uganda; Ugandan Foreign Minister Says Uganda is Not Harbouring Kenyan Dissidents." (BBC Summary 12 July 1995/NEXIS)

_____. 9 April 1991. "East and Horn of Africa in Brief; Ugandan Commander Says Incidents on Kenya Border Involved Rebels Not Soldiers." (BBC Summary 12 Apr. 1991/NEXIS)

Reuters. 12 February 1989. AM Cycle. "Four Killed in Ugandan Cattle Raids." (NEXIS)

The Xinhua General News Agency. 9 April 1991. "Uganda Denies Kenyan Allegations of Border Incursion." (NEXIS)

_____. 26 January 1991. "Uganda Accused of Initiating Insecurity in Kenya." (NEXIS)

_____. 24 January 1991. "Kenya Denies Ugandan Press Report." (NEXIS)

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential. Weekly. Jan. 1994-Dec.1995.

Africa Report. Bi-monthly. Sep. 1994-Jun. 1995.

Africa Research Bulletin. Monthly. Sep. 1994-Oct. 1995.

Encylopaedia of the Third World. 1992.

Foreign Broadcast Information Services (FBIS) Reports. 1991-1995.

Indian Ocean Newsletter. Weekly. Nov. 1994-Feb. 1995.

New African Yearbook. 1993-1994, 1995-1996.

Political Handbook of the World. Yearly. 1992, 1994-1995.

Political Leaders of Black Africa. 1991.

Political Parties of Africa and the Middle East. 1993.

Revolutionary and Dissident Movements of the World. 1991.

On-line search of media sources.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

Search Refworld

Countries