Hungary: The Hungarian Welfare Alliance Party (MNSZ): whether any party members hold government positions; whether the party harasses ethnic minorities, specifically Jews (January 1999 - May 2001)
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||1 May 2001|
|Citation / Document Symbol||HUN36873.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Hungary: The Hungarian Welfare Alliance Party (MNSZ): whether any party members hold government positions; whether the party harasses ethnic minorities, specifically Jews (January 1999 - May 2001), 1 May 2001, HUN36873.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be3c24.html [accessed 17 December 2017]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
A 17 March 1999 Hungarian Radio broadcast states:
[Presenter] The National Police Headquarters [ORFK] is of the view that the demonstration of the [extremist] Hungarian Welfare Association held on Lujza Blaha Square on 15th March did not violate the law. The Interior Ministry requested the relevant documents on the event and the prosecutor's office will also launch an investigation – although our correspondent, Annamaria Maronics, could not get any information on it from those in charge:
[Reporter] Chairman Albert Szabo said at the demonstration held by the Hungarian Welfare Association on 15th March that: "those who are Hungarians are with us but those who are not, will be ground under the cog-wheel [a symbol of the association]" . Then a clay board displaying several symbols, including the six-pointed Star of David, was smashed to pieces. Do you not think that this is close to the point at which the police can intervene?
[Laszlo Garamvoelgyi, ORFK spokesman] Let us just use conditional sentences. In my personal opinion, this is close to that point, despite the fact that the police is an organization to apply the law. However, this is not a compulsory rule, that is, the police is not obliged to intervene because this is not included in the Penal Code. What you have referred to is possible to be interpreted as a verbal incitement, a synonym of instigation laid down in the Penal Code, but this has not been said by anybody anywhere.
Therefore, the police, as an organization which applies the law, can do what we will now do. We will study the report submitted by the commander of unit which kept order at the scene and by other senior officers, and assess them. This is one of the things we will do. We will also assess the video recordings requested by the police. This will clearly show the verbal quote and what they did there. If it is not enough, we also plan to ask video recordings from commercial and other television stations.
We have also turned to the prosecutor's office to take a position on the question of whether statements made and actions committee there are at variance with any law or not. If yes, the police will naturally launch official proceedings. I must say that those who kept order at the event did not commit any particular irregularities because what happened there is not included in [meaning: banned by] any law. Nothing was committed what the police should have prevented there. The legislator failed to make this clear.
A 24 March 2000 Nepszabadsag article states:
A few days ago, the annual report on the National Security Office's [NBH] activity was published for the first time in the Hungarian national security services' history. The annual report contains much information on the fight against terrorism, organized crime, illegal weapon trade, and extremist groups; information that before was considered strictly confidential. ... The Hungarian Welfare Alliance [MNSZ], which used to play a decisive role among the Hungarists, are disintegrating. At this point, the organization only has 20-25 members, as compared to a membership of 400-500 people earlier. As is known, MNSZ head Albert Szabo left Hungary last November, and moved back to Australia. The national organization's continuously following up on the extreme right organization's activity has contributed greatly to this move.
An 11 December 2000 Hungarian Radio broadcast states:
The Hungarian Welfare Association Magyar Nepjoleti Szovetseg has dissolved. Proceedings have been launched on several occasions against Albert Szabo, the chairman of the organization which was founded six years ago, for anti-Semitic and racist statements and the use of banned dictatorship symbols. Two years ago the Supreme Court sentenced him for one year of imprisonment for incitement to hatred against a community. Albert Szabo left Hungary more than a year ago, but he has not resigned from his chairman post until the dissolution of the association.
Nor additional information on whether the MNSZ harasses ethnic minorities in Hungary, nor on whether any party members hold government positions, could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Hungarian Radio [Budapest, in Hungarian]. 11 December 2000. "Hungarian Anti-Racist Organization Dissolved." (BBC Monitoring 11 Dec. 2000/NEXIS)
_____. 17 March 1999. "Police Say No Grounds for Legal Action Over Extremists' Rally." (BBC Summary 19 Mar. 1999/NEXIS)
Nepszabadsag [Budapest, in Hungarian]. 24 March 2000. "Daily Reviews First NBH Annual Activity Report Published." (FBIS-EEU-2000-0324 24 Mar. 2000/WNC)
Additional Sources Consulted
Internet sites including:
BBC News Online
DERECHOS Human Rights
Hokkaido University Slavic Research Centre
Hungarian Helsinki Committee
Minority Rights Group
Political Resources on the Net: Hungary
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Anti-Semitism and Racism
World News Connection