Last Updated: Friday, 19 January 2018, 17:46 GMT

Tunisia: Indefinite ban placed on protests in iconic avenue ends in violence

Publisher Article 19
Publication Date 10 April 2012
Cite as Article 19, Tunisia: Indefinite ban placed on protests in iconic avenue ends in violence, 10 April 2012, available at: [accessed 20 January 2018]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

ARTICLE 19 calls for the lifting of the indefinite and blanket ban on all protests on the Habib Bourgiba Avenue and for an investigation into the  heavy-handed tactics used by Tunisian security forces to disperse thousands of protestors – including journalists, unionist and civil society representatives – that were commemorating Martyr's Day on the avenue on Monday 9 2012.  

On March 28, the Tunisian Ministry of the Interior announced a ban on "all demonstrations, marches and any other form of collective expression" on the Avenue, a focal point for protests in the capital. In defiance of the ban and amidst rising tensions fuelled by unemployment and growing political tensions, demonstrators sought on Monday April 9 to reach the Avenue and were met by the police who used tear gas and truncheons.

"One year into the revolution and some of the essential milestones for human rights protection are increasingly weakened.  The indefinite ban of all protests on the Habib Bourgiba Avenue, symbol of the revolution, constitutes an illegitimate restriction on freedom of expression and assembly.  The use of violence by security forces on the occasion of Martyr's Day, on the very same Avenue which saw thousands take to the streets during the revolution, sends out another very wrong message about Tunisia's ability to uphold fundamental freedoms and fully understands their scope and possible limits under international human rights law," said Agnes Callamard, ARTICLE 19 Executive Director.

According to eyewitness reports, several protestors, including journalists and human right activist, have been dragged away by the security forces, but no information relating to their arrests have been provided.  Similar violence was also reported during attempts made by thousands of unemployed graduates to march on the Avenue on Saturday 7 April 2012.

The ban on all marches on the Avenue reportedly came as a result of complaints made by local businesses, who highlighted the negative impact on tourism and traffic, although the Ministry of Interior has also cited safeguarding "public order" as a key factor for the ban.

In a live televised interview broadcasted on the evening of 9.04.12 on TV channel Tunisia 1, President Moncef Marzouki condemned yesterday's protests on the avenue, praising the decision made by the Ministry of Interior. The President also stated that that there should now be designated places for demonstrations, in order to limit disruption to local businesses.  The President also added that the current government has legitimately been put in place by the Tunisian people and that all those who are against the current government are therefore against the Tunisian people.

ARTICLE 19 believes that the ban of all rallies on the Avenue is grossly disproportionate and clearly in breach of international standards protecting freedom of speech and freedom of assembly.

Under international standards guarantee the right to freedom of expression and the right to assemble peacefully are the foundations of a functioning democracy. Enabling participation in peaceful assemblies helps ensure that all people in a society have the opportunity to express opinions that they hold in common with others. While freedom of expression and freedom of assembly may be restricted for public order reasons, any such restriction can only be justified if it is proportionate to the aim pursued. If a less intrusive measure is capable of achieving the same purpose, then the least restrictive measure must be applied.

Banning all demonstrations in any public place that is suitable for holding assemblies constitutes a blanket legal restriction which tends to be overly inclusive and thus fails the proportionality test because no consideration has been given to the specific circumstances of each case.  

Furthermore, while a ban on demonstration or marches may be justified on public order grounds, especially in the immediate aftermath of an outbreak of violence, this justification loses its relevancy as time passes. For this reason, any ban on marches, political rallies and public meetings must be strictly limited in time, such as 24 or 48 hours. 

ARTICLE 19 therefore calls on the Tunisia Ministry of Interior to immediately withdraw the blanket ban on demonstrations and marches on the Avenue and for an immediate and effective investigation into the violent crack- down on the demonstration on 9 April to take place.

Copyright notice: Copyright ARTICLE 19

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