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Iran: Information on human rights abuses by the Iranian military against Kurdish civilians in Iranian Kurdistan from October 1988 to November 1994

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 May 1996
Citation / Document Symbol IRN22835.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on human rights abuses by the Iranian military against Kurdish civilians in Iranian Kurdistan from October 1988 to November 1994, 1 May 1996, IRN22835.E, available at: [accessed 17 December 2017]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.


Information on this subject, other than a brief reference made in the IRBDC Question and Answer Series paper entitled Iran: Country Profile of January 1989, could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

Human Rights Watch World Report 1994 states that "little reliable information was available about security force actions inside Iranian Kurdistan involving human rights violations" (HRW 1993, 291).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Human Rights Watch (HRW). 1993. Human Rights Watch World Report 1994. New York: Human Rights Watch.

Sources Consulted

Amnesty International (AI). December 1990. Iran: Violations of Human Rights 1987-1990. (AI Index: MDE 13/21/90)

Amnesty International Report. Yearly. 1989 to 1995.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Yearly. 1993, 1994.

Documentation, Information and Research Branch (DIRB), Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa. November 1995. Contextual Information Package: Iran.

_____. November 1995. Human Rights Information Package: Iran.

_____ January 1995. Iran: Chronology of Events, June 1989-July 1994.

_____. August 1993. Iran: Political Opposition.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Report. Daily. June 1989 to May 1992.

Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties. Yearly. 1993, 1995.

Hashim, Ahmed. 1995. The Crisis of the Iranian State.

Human Rights in Developing Countries Yearbook. Yearly. 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995.

Human Rights Watch World Report. Yearly. 1990 to 1993, 1995.

Hunter, Shireen T. 1992. Iran After Khomeini.

INS Resource Center, Washington, DC. January 1993. Information Packet Series: Iran.

International Service Group (ISG), Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Hull. Infrequent reports. 1993 to present.

Katzman, Kenneth. 1993. The Warriors of Islam: Iran's Revolutionary Guard.

Minority Rights Group (MRG). September 1991. 6th ed. Revised. David McDowall. The Kurds.

News From Middle East Watch [New York]. Monthly. 1996.

Office of Asylum Affairs (OAA), Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, United States. December 1994. Iran: Profile of Asylum Claims and Country Conditions.

Office fédéral des réfugiés, Berne. 13 January 1995. Papier thématique: Les forces de sécurité en Iran.

Revolutionary and Dissident Movements of the World: An International Guide. 1991.

van Bruinessen, Martin. 1992. Agha, Shaikh and State: The Social and Political Structures of Kurdistan.

World Directory of Minorities. 1991.

World Refugee Survey [Washington, DC]. Yearly. 1989, 1991 to 1995.

Zabih, Sepehr. 1988. The Iranian Military in Revolution and War.

On-line search of media sources.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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