2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Iran
|Publisher||International Trade Union Confederation|
|Publication Date||6 June 2013|
|Cite as||International Trade Union Confederation, 2013 Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights - Iran, 6 June 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/51b8516da0.html [accessed 28 July 2016]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Reform of the Labour Law: The Labour Law of Iran offers different types of contracts from which employers and workers can freely choose. In reality, 70-80 per cent of Iranian workers are working on temporary contracts without any job security. The reform bill is even more generous to employers and talks about daily and hourly work contracts.
Imprisonment of trade union leaders: Last April, more than 50 teachers and educational workers were in detention or were summoned and awaiting their court hearings related to "national security" or "union activities". 46 journalists were imprisoned and are still in various jails across the country. The jail terms range from 6 months to 19 years and the charges range from "Insulting the supreme leader" to "Assembly and collusion with the intent to disrupt national security" or "Moharebeh (waging war against God), propagating against the regime", and even "Anti-state charges related to work in documenting violations of human rights".
Mohammad Tavakoli, Secretary of the Kermanshah Teachers' Guild Association was arrested in February 2013 and recently sentenced to exile from his home province. Previous harsher cases include the earlier detention of teacher Abdolreza Ghanbari who was tortured, ill-treated and for a long time denied access to a lawyer. Mr. Ghanbari was tried unfairly by the Tehran Revolutionary Court in January 2010 and sentenced to death for 'Moharebeh'.
Shahrokh Zamani, a labour activist, was arrested on June 7, 2011, sentenced to 11 years in prison, and transferred to various prisons, and is now banned from face-to-face visitations and phone calls.
On 15 June, 60 members of the Coordinating Committee to Help Form Workers' Organisations and a number of labour activists were arrested in Karaj. The detainees were transferred to Rajai Shahr prison where some where reportedly beaten and ill-treated.
Infringement of the right to freedom of expression: In June 2012, the Ministry of Industry, Mining, and Commerce sent a letter to trade unions and associations involved in the production and distribution of goods, banning them from giving interviews to the media about inflation rates.