Turkey: Fact sheet on Gezi Park Protest as of July 12th
|Publisher||International Federation for Human Rights|
|Publication Date||12 July 2013|
|Cite as||International Federation for Human Rights, Turkey: Fact sheet on Gezi Park Protest as of July 12th, 12 July 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/51e666ee24.html [accessed 31 July 2016]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Last Update 12 July 2013
Document released by the Documentation Centre of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT) 
Demonstrations that began on 28 May 2013 to protect Gezi Park but then turned into
protests demanding basic rights and freedoms in reaction to the violence committed by the police, spread across Turkey (excluding Bingöl and Bayburt as per Ministry of Interior's data) and continue with forums on 12 July 2013, the 45th day.
On 12 July 2013, it has been revealed that S.Ç., one of the 4 people who attacked people with choppers and got released on 6 July 2013 in Istanbul, has fled abroad before the arrest warrant was conducted after the Prosecutor's objection.
According to assessment made by the Turkish Medical Association on 10 July 2013,
8121 people were injured in demonstrations across Turkey. The online survey conducted by TMA reveals that that 11155 person were exposed to chemical weapon or riot control agents. And regretfully, 5 people lost their lives. Two protesters were killed by direct police violence.
During the demonstrations held in Hatay on June, 3rd 2013, Abdullah Cömert, aged 22, lost his life. The autopsy report revealed that Abdullah Cömert died after receiving two blows in the head. A skull fracture was diagnosed, caused by a blow to the back of the head, and also a semi lunar shaped, four centimetres diametrical tear which goes up to the parietal bone. On 5 July 2013, we were informed that the memo autopsy report reveals the possibility of death caused by gun shot.
During the demonstrations held in Ankara on June 1st, 2013, Ethem Sarısülük was killed by a police officer named Ahmet Şahbaz. Ethem Sarısuluk's cerebral death was declared on June 12th, 2013. The autopsy report revealed that he was killed by being shot in the head. The police officer was released. The objection filed by Ethem Sarısuluk's family against the verdict of release was rejected by Ankara 8th Criminal Court of First Instance on the basis that "family doesn't have an authorization to object".
Mehmet Ayvalıtaş, aged 21, died after being crashed by a car which was intentionally driven into a crowd in Ümraniye, İstanbul, on June 2nd, 2013.
Mehmet Sarı, a police officer, felt down from a bridge and lost his life while running after protestors in Adana on June 5th, 2013.
Zeynep Eryaşar, who attented the protest, suffered a heart attack and lost her life after having been exposed to chemical tear gas in Avcılar, İstanbul.
Ali İsmail Korkmaz (aged 19) was beaten with sticks by unidentified civilians on 3 June 2013 during the demonstrations held in Eskişehir. He died on 9 July 2013, while he was still hospitalised and unconscious.
The number of people who were detained across Turkey as of 10 July 2013 has
reached 3584 according to HRFT data. The number of people who have been arrested is 122 as of 8 July 2013. The charges against these people are "to be a ruler or member of illegal organisation", "sedition", "destroying public property", "carrying gun and bullet", "invading mosque".
According to declarations made by the Ministry of Interior on June 22th, protest occurred all around Turkey except in Bayburt and Bingöl. 2,5 million people attended the protests. 4,900 people were taken into custody and 4,000 people were wounded. 14 buildings of political party got damaged.
8 people who took part in the protests by banging pots and pans on their balconies received a 88 TRY fine on the basis of breaching Misdemeanour's Law. 9 students were also fined 1000 TRY on the basis of breaching this law.
 The Documentation Centre's data has to be accepted as a claim until it becomes certain. A claim about a violation of right is defined as certain after in depth verification by the Documentation Centre's or it is eliminated from the balance sheet of violation of human rights.
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 The number of detained people we mentioned above is not the same as the one of the Ministry of Interior since our documentation centre collected the data through media organs. Moreover, it is not possible to have the same number since we are not able to have name-surname comparison. The Ministry of Interior does not include the number of people who were taken into custody without any formal registration, though there are lots of witnesses claiming that people were held without formal registration. Thus, we think that the real number of detained people is over 5000.