Title The Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information
Publisher Article 19
Author Article 19
Publication Date 1 October 1995
Topics Freedom of conscience | Freedom of expression | Freedom of information
Reference International Standards Series; ISBN 1 870798 89 9
Cite as Article 19, The Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, 1 October 1995, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4653fa1f2.html [accessed 30 August 2014]
Comments These Principles were adopted on 1 October 1995 by a group of experts in international law, national security, and human rights convened by ARTICLE 19, the International Centre Against Censorship, in collaboration with the Centre for Applied Legal Studies of the University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg. These Principles have been endorsed by Mr. Abid Hussain, the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, in his reports to the 1996, 1998,1999 and 2001 sessions of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, and referred to by the Commission in their annual resolutions on freedom of expression every year since 1996.
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