Last Updated: Thursday, 10 July 2014, 14:42 GMT

Cuba: Whether individuals whose exit permit application had been denied could later acquire one by means of a bribe; whether the authorities indicate in individuals' passport or any other location that they had previously applied for an exit permit (1998-1999)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 5 February 2002
Citation / Document Symbol CUB38022.E
Reference 2
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Cuba: Whether individuals whose exit permit application had been denied could later acquire one by means of a bribe; whether the authorities indicate in individuals' passport or any other location that they had previously applied for an exit permit (1998-1999), 5 February 2002, CUB38022.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be288.html [accessed 10 July 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

No information on whether individuals whose exit permit application had been denied could later acquire one by means of a bribe, or on whether the authorities indicate in individuals' passport or any other location that they had previously applied for an exit permit, could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

However, in a 29 January 2002 interview, the Executive Director of the Miami-based Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba, an organization affiliated with the Cuban American National Foundation (CANF), stated that bribery is widespread and it would be not unusual for an individual to secure an exit permit in exchange for a bribe. While dissidents may find it more difficult to obtain an exit permit through bribery, due to stricter controls on these individuals, the Executive Director thought it would nonetheless be possible in these cases as well. Attempts to corroborate the Executive Director's statements were unsuccessful within the time constraints of this Response.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

Reference

Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba, Miami. 29 January 2002. Telephone interview with Executive Director.

Additional Sources Consulted

Embassy of the Republic of Cuba, Ottawa.

IRB databases.

Unsuccessful attempts to contact the Center for a Free Cuba, the Cuban Committee for Democracy and the Cuban Committee for Human Rights.

Internet sites including:

Cuban American National Foundation (CANF).

CubaNet. 1998-1999.

Free Cuba Foundation.

Human Rights Watch.

Transparency International.

World News Connection (WNC).

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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