Bahrain: Demonstration in downtown Manama in 1997 in which many demonstrators were reportedly killed by security forces and many people arrested
|Publisher||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||1 March 1999|
|Citation / Document Symbol||BHR31411.E|
|Cite as||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Bahrain: Demonstration in downtown Manama in 1997 in which many demonstrators were reportedly killed by security forces and many people arrested, 1 March 1999, BHR31411.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ab4568.html [accessed 23 May 2013]|
No mention of a specific demonstration in downtown Manama in 1997 in which many demonstrators were reportedly killed by security forces and many people arrested, could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
The only reference found by the Research Directorate to a specific demonstration within Manama in 1997, is an AFP report on 10 January 1997 that Shiite Moslem worshippers were "attacked" by anti-riot police in Manama and that several people were injured. However, Middle East Report stated in July-September 1997 that "since early June 1997, an upsurge of crude firebombings, street demonstrations and heavy repression has added some nine deaths and unknown number of arrests and injuries to the toll of the ongoing unrest in Bahrain" (33). For further information on anti-government demonstrations in Bahrain in 1997, please consult Amnesty International1998, Human Rights Watch World Report 1998, and Country Reports 1997.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Agence France Presse (AFP). 10 January 1997. "Anti-riot Police Break Up Prayers in Bahrain." (NEXIS)
Middle East Report [Washington, DC]. July - September 1997. Vol. 27, No. 3. Joe Stork. "Bahrain's Crisis Worsens."
Additional Sources Consulted
Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge]. 1997.
Middle East International [London]. 1997.
Middle East Report [Washington, DC]. 1997.
The Middle East and North Africa 1998. 1997.
Resource Centre. Bahrain country file. July 1996 - February 1999.
_____. Bahrain: Amnesty International country file. October 1996 - February 1999.
Electronic sources: IRB Databases, LEXIS/NEXIS, Internet, REFWORLD, World News Connection (WNC).