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National Documentation Package: Honduras

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Publication Date 29 February 2012
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, National Documentation Package: Honduras, 29 February 2012, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4f4f28c32.html [accessed 21 December 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

General Information and Maps 1.1

1.2 The Europa World Year Book 2011. 2011. "Honduras," pp. 2134-2150. London: Routledge. [Electronic version not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 2 Human Rights 2.1 United States. 8 April 2011. Department of State. "Honduras." Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2010. 2.2 Amnesty International. 2011. "Honduras." Amnesty International Report 2011: The State of the World's Human Rights. 2.3 Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders. 2011. "Honduras." Steadfast in Protest: Annual Report 2011, pp. 220-227. 2.4 Organization of American States. 3 June 2010. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Preliminary Observations of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on its Visit to Honduras, May 15 to 18, 2010. 2.5 Freedom House. 2011. "Honduras." Freedom in the World 2011. 2.6 InSight Crime. 22 August 2011. Hannah Stone. "Are Foreign Criminal Gangs Driving Honduras Land Conflict?" 2.7 Human Rights Watch. January 2012. "Honduras." World Report 2012: Events of 2011. 2.8 HND103350.FE. 4 February 2010. Agrarian reform, including land conflicts and the government's response (2008 - 2009). 2.9 Organization of American States. 10 November 2011. "Honduras Deposits at OAS Accession to Conventions on Human Rights, Elimination of the Death Penalty, and Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities." 2.10 HND103661.E. 11 February 2011. Agrarian reform, including the level of assistance, advice or representation available from non-governmental organisations or government agencies and treatment of persons affected by agrarian reform. 2.11 Human Rights Watch. December 2010. After the Coup: Ongoing Violence, Intimidation, and Impunity in Honduras. 2.12 United Nations. 4 January 2011. Human Rights Council. Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Honduras. (A/HRC/16/10) 3 Identification Documents and Citizenship 3.1 United States. N.d. Department of State. "Honduras Reciprocity Schedule." [Electronic version not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 3.2 Helpline Law. N.d. "The Nationality and Citizenship." Honduras Constitution. 3.3 HND103347.FE. 4 January 2010. Procedure for obtaining an identity card (tarjeta de identidad) and the information that appears on such a card. [Electronic version of attachment not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 3.4 HND103348.FE. 29 January 2010. The procedure for obtaining a birth certificate and a death certificate, and the information indicated on those documents. 4 Political Activities and Organizations 4.1 Political Handbook of the World 2011. 2011. "Honduras." Edited by Thomas C. Muller, William R. Overstreet, Judith F. Isacoff and Tom Lansford. Washington, DC: CQ Press. [Electronic version not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 4.2 Psephos. N.d. Adam Carr. "Republic of Honduras: Presidential Election of 29 November 2009." 4.3 Psephos. N.d. Adam Carr. "Republic of Honduras: Legislative Election of 29 November 2009." 5 Gender, Domestic Violence and Children 5.1 Social Watch. 7 September 2011. "Honduras: Commission Against Femicide Calls for Effective Legislation." 5.2 HND103935.FE. 1 February 2012. Femicide and spousal and sexual abuse, and services provided to the victims (2009-2011). [Electronic version of attachment(s) not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 5.3 HND103263.FE. 13 January 2010. Domestic violence; legislation and protection available to victims (2007-2009). 5.4 International Service for Human Rights. 12 September 2007. "Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women 38th Session (New York, 23 July - 10 August 2007) Honduras (Combined 4th, 5th & 6th Reports)." Treaty Body Monitor. [Error in the title. Should be 39th Session.] 5.5 United Nations. 10 August 2007. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. "Concluding Comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women: Honduras." (CEDAW/C/HON/CO/6) 5.6 HND103833.FE. 4 January 2012. Whether women who head a household may, without receiving assistance from a man, obtain a home and employment in Tegucigalpa or San Pedro Sula; the support services provided by the state to households run by women in these cities; violence against women in these cities. 6 Sexual Orientation 6.1 Human Rights Watch. May 2009. "Not Worth a Penny." Human Rights Abuses Against Transgender People in Honduras. 6.2 HND103936.FE. 27 January 2012. Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection and support services available to them. 6.3 International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. 17 July 2009. "Honduras: IGLHRC Expresses Outrage at Human Rights Abuses after Military Coup." 6.4 International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. 10 January 2011. "Three Murders in Two Weeks: Protest the Killings of LGBTI People in Honduras." 6.5 Human Rights Watch. 31 January 2011. "Honduras: Investigate Murders of Transgender Women." 7 Criminality and Corruption 7.1 United States. 3 March 2011. Department of State. "Honduras." International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2011. Volume I: Drug and Chemical Control. 7.2 United States. 3 January 2011. Congressional Research Service. Clare Ribando Seelke. "Gangs in Central America." 7.3 HND103660.E. 18 January 2011. Availability of tattoo removal services, particularly to current or former gang members, including the process, effectiveness and cost; reaction, if any, from gangs when former members have gang-related tattoos removed. 7.4 InSight Crime. 7 June 2011. Patrick Corcoran. "Honduras Gang Seeks Talks with Government." 7.5 Manz, Beatriz. August 2008. "Honduras." Central America (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua): Patterns of Human Rights Violations, pp. 23-29. 7.6 HND103349.FE. 28 January 2010. The presence and activities of the gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (MS) and Mara 18 in Honduras, including their structure, the role of women, and the effectiveness of anti-Mara government measures (2007 - January 2010). 7.7 InSight Crime. 23 September 2011. Elyssa Pachico. "Post-2009 Coup, Honduras a 'Narco-Storehouse'." 7.8 HND103938.E. 24 January 2012. The recruitment of Mara Salvatrucha (MS) and 18th Street (Calle 18 or Mara 18) gang members; whether individuals are forced to participate in gang activity (2007-December 2011). 7.9 HND103937.E. 12 January 2012. State response to gang-related violence and criminal activity, including the efforts of the army (2010-December 2011). 7.10 HND103940.E. 3 February 2012. Areas of operation of Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Mara 18 (M-18) (also known as the 18th Street gang) in Honduras; domestic and transnational networks; nature of any alliances and whether the maras dispute territory; violence perpetrated by gang members against other gang members (2009-December 2011). 7.11 InSight Crime. 9 September 2011. Ronan Graham. "Honduras Murder Rate Set to Soar to 86 per 100,000." 8 Military Service Issues 8.1 War Resisters' International. 3 September 2009. "Honduras: Resistance Against Reform of Military Service." 9 Judiciary, Legal and Penal Systems 9.1 Organization of American States. 19 May 2010. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. "IACHR Concerned about Human Rights Violations in Honduras." 9.2 Justice Studies Center of the Americas. N.d. "Honduras." Report on Judicial Systems in the Americas 2006-2007, pp. 302-312. [Electronic version not available. Hard copy may be viewed in IRB regional offices.] 9.3 HND103939.E. 24 January 2012. The witness protection program, including the various types of protection offered, the requirements and procedures to access the program, and the program's effectiveness (2007-2011). 9.4 HND103876.FE. 14 December 2011. Whether a medical report can be obtained by a person who is in Honduras or outside the country or by a third person; the procedure to obtain the report, including whether a standard format exists at the national level; whether doctors are required to inform the authorities of serious injuries or injuries inflicted during a crime. 10 Police and Security Forces 10.1 HND103662.E. 28 January 2011. Procedures for lodging a criminal complaint with the police, including a complaint about police activity or misconduct and how effectively such complaints are processed; procedures to obtain police reports. 10.2 HND103832.FE. 3 November 2011. Police corruption, police participation in criminal activities and measures taken by the government. 10.3 Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting. 29 November 2011. Nick Miroff. "Honduras: When the Police Are Part of the Problem." 10.4 HND103877.FE. 12 January 2012. Whether a person outside the country or a third party can obtain a police report. 11 Media Freedoms 11.1 Committee to Protect Journalists. 2011. "Honduras." Attacks on the Press in 2010. 11.2 Reporters Without Borders. 10 September 2011. "Journalist Who Supported Ousted President Becomes 15th Killed in 18 Months." 12 Religion - (No items in this section) 13 Nationality, Ethnicity and Race 13.1 Minority Rights Group International. 2008. "Honduras Overview." World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples. /div> 14 Exit/Entry and Freedom of Movement 14.1 HND100449.E. 5 August 2005. Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent (2003 - July 2005). 15 Labour, Employment and Unions 15.1 Human Rights Watch. 30 March 2011. "Honduras: Probe Charges of Police Brutality." 15.2 International Trade Union Confederation. 2011. "Honduras." Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights 2011. 16 Other - (No items in this section)

The following changes have been made to the previous package dated 13 April 2011:

Updated

  • 1.2) The Europa World Year Book 2010. 2010. "Honduras," pp. 2123-2138. London: Routledge. [Electronic version not available. Hard copy may be viewed in the regional offices.]
  • 2.2) Amnesty International (AI). 2010. "Honduras." Amnesty International Report 2010, pp. 163-164.
  • 2.3) Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint project of the Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l'homme (FIDH) / Organisation mondiale contre la torture (OMCT). 2010. "Honduras." Steadfast in Protest: Annual Report 2010, pp. 174-183.
  • 2.5) Freedom House. 2010. "Honduras." Freedom in the World 2010.
  • 2.7) Human Rights Watch. January 2011. "Honduras." World Report 2011: Events of 2010.
  • 7.1) United States (US). 1 March 2010. Department of State. "Honduras." International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2010. Volume I: Drug and Chemical Control.
  • 7.2) United States. 11 January 2010. Congressional Research Service. Clare Ribando Seelke. "Gangs in Central America."

Removed

  • 2.6) Amnesty International. August 2009. Honduras: Human Rights Crisis Threatens as Repression Increases. (AMR 37/004/2009)
  • 2.9) Amnesty International. 27 June 2010. "Honduras Failing to Tackle Coup Rights Abuses." (PRE01/212/2010)
  • 3.2) United States. March 2001. Office of Personnel Management. "Honduras." Citizenship Laws of the World, pp. 1-8, 91.
  • 4.4) Organization of American States. 8 March 2010. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. "IACHR Deplores Murders, Kidnappings, and Attacks in Honduras."
  • 5.1) United Nations. 11 October 2005. UN Population Fund. "Through the Eyes of the Victim: Police Training and Domestic Violence in Honduras."
  • 5.2) HND101869.FE. 3 November 2006. Sexual violence against women; legislation; attitude of the authorities and the general public toward victims; organizations that provide assistance to victims.
  • 6.2) HND102140.FE. 15 December 2006. Treatment of homosexuals, including protection offered by the state and the attitude of the population.
  • 7.4) United States. April 2006. US Agency for International Development. "Central America and Mexico Gang Assessment. Annex 3: Honduras Profile."
  • 9.1) Amnesty International. 30 November 2009. "Honduras: Authorities Must Reveal Identities and Whereabouts of People Detained Today."
  • 9.3) HND102747.E. 12 February 2008. Witness protection program.

Added

  • 2.6) InSight Crime. 22 August 2011. Hannah Stone. "Are Foreign Criminal Gangs Driving Honduras Land Conflict?"
  • 2.9) Organization of American States. 10 November 2011. "Honduras Deposits at OAS Accession to Conventions on Human Rights, Elimination of the Death Penalty, and Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities."
  • 2.12) United Nations. 4 January 2011. Human Rights Council. Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Honduras. (A/HRC/16/10)
  • 5.1) Social Watch. 7 September 2011. "Honduras: Commission Against Femicide Calls for Effective Legislation."
  • 5.2) HND103935.FE. 1 February 2012. Femicide and spousal and sexual abuse, and services provided to the victims (2009-2011). [Attachment(s)]
  • 5.6) HND103833.FE. 4 January 2012. Whether women who head a household may, without receiving assistance from a man, obtain a home and employment in Tegucigalpa or San Pedro Sula; the support services provided by the state to households run by women in these cities; violence against women in these cities.
  • 6.2) HND103936.FE. 27 January 2012. Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection and support services available to them.
  • 6.3) International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. 17 July 2009. "Honduras: IGLHRC Expresses Outrage at Human Rights Abuses after Military Coup."
  • 6.4) International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. 10 January 2011. "Three Murders in Two Weeks: Protest the Killings of LGBTI People in Honduras."
  • 6.5) Human Rights Watch. 31 January 2011. "Honduras: Investigate Murders of Transgender Women."
  • 7.4) InSight Crime. 7 June 2011. Patrick Corcoran. "Honduras Gang Seeks Talks with Government."
  • 7.7) InSight Crime. 23 September 2011. Elyssa Pachico. "Post-2009 Coup, Honduras a 'Narco-Storehouse'."
  • 7.8) HND103938.E. 24 January 2012. The recruitment of Mara Salvatrucha (MS) and 18th Street (Calle 18 or Mara 18) gang members; whether individuals are forced to participate in gang activity (2007-December 2011).
  • 7.9) HND103937.E. 12 January 2012. State response to gang-related violence and criminal activity, including the efforts of the army (2010-December 2011).
  • 7.10) HND103940.E. 3 February 2012. Areas of operation of Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Mara 18 (M-18) (also known as the 18th Street gang) in Honduras; domestic and transnational networks; nature of any alliances and whether the maras dispute territory; violence perpetrated by gangs members against other gang members (2009-December 2011).
  • 7.11) InSight Crime. 9 September 2011. Ronan Graham. "Honduras Murder Rate Set to Soar to 86 per 100,000."
  • 9.1) Organization of American States. 19 May 2010. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. "IACHR Concerned about Human Rights Violations in Honduras."
  • 9.3) HND103939.E. 24 January 2012. The witness protection program, including the various types of protection offered, the requirements and procedures to access the program, and the program's effectiveness (2007-2011).
  • 9.4) HND103876.FE. 14 December 2011. Whether a medical report can be obtained by a person who is in Honduras or outside the country or by a third person; the procedure to obtain the report, including whether a standard format exists at the national level; whether doctors are required to inform the authorities of serious injuries or injuries inflicted during a crime.
  • 10.2) HND103832.FE. 3 November 2011. Police corruption, police participation in criminal activities and measures taken by the government.
  • 10.3) Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting. 29 November 2011. Nick Miroff. "Honduras: When the Police Are Part of the Problem."
  • 10.4) HND103877.FE. 12 January 2012 . Whether a person outside the country or a third party can obtain a police report.
  • 11.1) Committee to Protect Journalists. 2011. "Honduras." Attacks on the Press in 2010.
  • 11.2) Reporters Without Borders. 10 September 2011. "Journalist Who Supported Ousted President Becomes 15th Killed in 18 Months."
  • 13.1) Minority Rights Group International. 2008. "Honduras Overview." World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples.
  • 15.1) Human Rights Watch. 30 March 2011. "Honduras: Probe Charges of Police Brutality."
  • 15.2) International Trade Union Confederation. 2011. "Honduras." Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights 2011.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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