Attacks on the Press in 2012 - Yemen
|Publisher||Committee to Protect Journalists|
|Publication Date||14 February 2013|
|Cite as||Committee to Protect Journalists, Attacks on the Press in 2012 - Yemen, 14 February 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/512b79c11a.html [accessed 13 December 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Journalists face attacks from government, tribal group, Saleh loyalists.
Government revives repressive media bill; renews trial against Al-Jazeera.
Press freedom languished despite the establishment of a new government under President Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi. Anti-government demonstrations continued as protesters demanded deeper reforms than those offered by Hadi's administration. Critical independent journalists were assaulted, threatened, and harassed from multiple sides. In February, armed men belonging to an influential tribal group attacked a journalist who had reported critically about the clan. The same month, supporters of former President Ali Abdullah al-Saleh seized the offices of two state-run newspapers and forced them to publish Saleh's picture on the front page. In May, the Press and Publications Court summoned two Al-Jazeera journalists for trial on charges that they had reported on the 2011 uprising without accreditation. The trial was pending in late year. The government debated an Audio-Visual and Electronic Media bill that was first proposed by the Saleh administration in 2010. CPJ's review of the legislation found it would impose exorbitant registration and licensing fees, among other restrictions. The bill was pending in late year. No journalists were killed during the year, a drop from 2011 when two fatalities occurred during coverage of anti-government protests.
[Refworld note: The sections that follow represent a best effort to transcribe onto a single page information that appears in tabs on the CPJ's own pages, which also include a number of dynamically-generated graphics not readily reproducible here. Refworld researchers are therefore strongly recommended to check against the original report: Attacks on the Press in 2012.]
Attacks in four months: 13
Attacks on the press peaked between February and May, when CPJ documented 13 attacks, including a month-long siege of a state-run newspaper that was led by armed Saleh loyalists.
Behind the attacks:
7: Government agents/supporters
4: Saleh loyalists
2: Armed factions of Al-Ahmar tribe
Killed in 2012: 0
CPJ documented no work-related fatalities in Yemen, in contrast with 2011, when two journalists were killed during the months-long uprising. Regionwide, fatalities soared in Syria but dropped in most other nations.
Days of detention: 869
Yemeni authorities were holding one journalist in prison when CPJ conducted its annual worldwide census on December 1. By the end of 2012, Abdulelah Hider Shaea had spent 869 days in prison on anti-state charges stemming from his coverage of extremist groups in Yemen.
Timeline of the Shaea case:
August 16, 2010: Soldiers raid Shaea's home in Sana'a, arresting him for the second time in two months.
September 16, 2010: Shaea's first hearing takes place after he has been held incommunicado for 29 days.
September 23, 2010: CPJ writes a letter to then-President Saleh calling for Shaea's immediate release.
January 19, 2011: The Specialized Criminal Court in Sana'a, whose constitutionality has been questioned by analysts, sentences Shaea to five years in prison on charges of "belonging to an illegal armed organization" and "recruiting young people, including foreigners, to the organization by communicating with them via the Internet."
February 2011: Saleh pardons Shaea. The decision is quickly reversed after U.S. President Barack Obama calls Saleh to express concern about the pardon.
2012: Local press freedom groups including CPJ continue to call for Shaea's release throughout the year.
Registration fees: $167,000
The authorities debated the Audio-Visual and Electronic Media bill, which would impose licensing fees of up to US$167,000 on news outlets, according to news reports. The bill was pending in late year.
Other restrictions in the bill:
Article 33: Online media – including news delivered via text messages on mobile phones – would be subject to state control through regulations imposed by executive order.
Article 5: News websites must obtain a license prior to operation, a rule that would effectively put hundreds of existing online news outlets in violation of the law. Licenses would be granted by a committee of officials from the state-owned broadcaster, the Ministry of Information, and the security services.