Mexico: Guerrilla or paramilitary activity in the municipality of La Trinitaria, Chiapas, including references to kidnapping, forced recruitment and other crimes against the population, particularly those of Mayan descent, by guerrillas or paramilitary groups (1999-2002)
|Publisher||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||29 May 2002|
|Citation / Document Symbol||MEX38518.E|
|Cite as||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Mexico: Guerrilla or paramilitary activity in the municipality of La Trinitaria, Chiapas, including references to kidnapping, forced recruitment and other crimes against the population, particularly those of Mayan descent, by guerrillas or paramilitary groups (1999-2002) , 29 May 2002, MEX38518.E , available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be7214.html [accessed 21 May 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Although no specific references to actions by guerrilla or paramilitary groups in the Chiapas district of La Trinitaria could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate for the period in question, please refer to the maps cited in MEX38648.E of 8 May 2002. These maps show areas where guerrilla or paramilitary group activity has been reported in recent years.
The only published reference to an armed incident in La Trinitaria during the period in question and found among the sources consulted, is a news report on an attack by two armed men against two farmers travelling on a pick-up truck near the Guatemalan refugee camp at El Colorado, municipality of La Trinitaria (El Universal 6 July 1999).
In late 2000, La Jornada reported on an operation by the Federal Preventive Police (PFP) against paramilitary groups in Chiapas before the change of state government scheduled for 9 December 2000 (La Jornada 13 Nov. 2000). According to La Jornada, the Centre for Community Action Economic and Political Research (CIEPAC), a non-government organization, had noted the presence of armed civilian groups in various municipalities, including La Trinitaria; in some cases, the groups were said by CIEPAC to be linked to cattle ranchers, municipal or state officials (ibid.).
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
La Jornada [Mexico City]. 13 November 2000. "El Ejército apoya acciones de la PFP contra paramilitares."
El Universal [Mexico City]. 6 July 1999. Fredy Martin Perez. "Balean a dos finqueros en Chiapas; un muerto."
Additional Sources Consulted
La Jornada [Mexico]. Searchable archives. 1999-2001.
Latin American Regional Reports (LARR): Mexico & NAFTA Report [London]. 1999-Apr. 2002.
Latinamerica Press [Lima]. 1999-2001.
El Universal [Mexico City]. Searchable archives.
Internet search engines and sites, including:
Human Rights Watch
Mexican League for the Defense of Human Rights (LIMEDDH)
Mexican state institutions
Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos and related organizations
This list is not exhaustive. Country-specific publications available at the Resource Centre are not listed.