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Kenya: Luo tribe; treatment of Luo who are public employees (1991-2000)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 23 June 2000
Citation / Document Symbol KEN34613.E
Reference 1
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Kenya: Luo tribe; treatment of Luo who are public employees (1991-2000), 23 June 2000, KEN34613.E, available at: [accessed 29 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

According to the Minorities at Risk Project the Luo comprise approximately 13 percent of Kenya's population (Oct. 1999). According to the same report:

The Luo inhabit the southwestern Nyanza Province. While Oginga Odinga, a Luo and leader of KANU [Kenyan African National Union] at independence, held the office of Vice President, the Luo were politically advantaged. But the Luo lost their political advantage when Odinga defected from KANU and formed the Kenya People's Union (KPU) in 1966. He has continued to be a leading opposition figure and the Luo were targeted for violence between 1991-94.

Specific information concerning the treatment of Luo who are public employees could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. However, according to the European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation, access to public service positions is an area of contention for Luo people:

Despite the fact that their kinsmen have been murdered in the countryside, the interests of the Kikuyu and Luo members of the upper and middle classes are best served by pushing for political reform that would increase their access to the state on policy matters, not by escalating ethnic violence. Political reform would increase access for Kikuyu and Luo members of the middle class to state funds, civil service positions, etc., while violence would only bring destruction. Most Kikuyu and Luo see the problem as one of bad government and corruption, rather than evil intent (n.d.).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in research this Response.

European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation. n.d. Jos van Beurden. "Kenya: Small Scale Conflicts Could Have Major Repercussions." [Accessed 23 June 2000]

Minorities at Risk Project. October 1999. Shin-wha Lee, Anne Pitsch and Alexander Danso. "Kikuyu, Kisii, Luhya, and Luo in Kenya." [Accessed 23 June 2000]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB Databases.

World Directory of Minorities.

World News Connection (WNC)

Search engines (including):

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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