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Iran: Information on the current situation of Baluchis

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 March 1992
Citation / Document Symbol IRN10553
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on the current situation of Baluchis, 1 March 1992, IRN10553, available at: [accessed 1 December 2015]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.


In addition to the information already available to you, please find attached a copy of recent news articles referring to confrontations between Baluchi separatists and Iranian Revolutionary Guards. Also attached, please find a BBC Summary of World Broadcasts transcript of a Kurdish Rebel Radio's editorial alleging mistreatment of Baluchis in Iran. Some of the attached articles refer to operations against drug smugglers and addicts in different regions of Iran, including Sistan va Baluchistan.

One of the attachments refers to the arrest, in Pakistan, of a member of Pakistan's Baluchistan province assembly on drug smuggling charges (Reuters 13 May 1991). The Report states that hundreds of kilograms of heroin, opium and other drugs, as well as illegal arms, were seized near the Iranian border (Ibid.).

According to one of the attached articles, the Baluchi representative in the Iranian Parliament "recently accused the founders of Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution of `irrational behaviours and aggressiveness' towards Baluchis in their anti-drug effort" (The New York Times 4 Dec. 1991). In another article reporting the execution of alleged "bandits" that fought security forces in Sistan va Baluchestan, opposition leaders in exile have reportedly said that "the Islamic Republic masks executions of opposition figures through drug charges" (The Associated Press 7 Dec. 1991).

One attached article reports that clashes between Baluchi rebels and Revolutionary Guards are frequent in the Baluch although "never reported by the tightly-controlled Iranian media" (The Independent 16 July 1991). The report quotes a Baluchi leader and spokesman for the rebels as saying that an attack by Iranian and Pakistani armies against the Baluch on both sides of the international border was expected, with Teheran declaring the area a war zone (Ibid.). The same Baluchi source reportedly stated that Pakistan had "agreed to round up our people who have fled and taken refuge in Pakistan and to hand them over to the Iranian Guards" (Ibid.).

Additional and/or corroborating information on the recent statements quoted in the preceding paragraph could not be found among other sources currently available to the IRBDC.

For additional background information on the situation of Baluchis, some sections of books are included with this response.

All attachments are listed below.


The Independent. 16 July 1991. "100 Guards Killed by Iranian Rebels." (NEXIS)

The New York Times. 4 December 1991, Final Edition. "Drug Trafficking is Thriving in Iran." (NEXIS)

Reuters. 13 May 1991, BC Cycle. "Pakistani Opposition Deputy Arrested on Drug Charges." (NEXIS)


Agence France Presse. 7 December 1991. "Nine Hanged in Southeast Iran." (NEXIS)

The Associated Press. 7 December 1991, PM Cycle. "Iran Hangs Nine Alleged Bandits." (NEXIS)

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts. 30 November 1991. "Ring of `Armed Anti-Revolutionary Bandits' in Zahedan `Smashed'." (NEXIS)

. 5 November 1991. "Pro-Monarchist Radio Reports Demonstrations Against Shortages." (NEXIS)

. 18 October 1991. "Baluchi Fighters Reportedly Kill 18 Guards in Clash." (NEXIS)

. 14 September 1991. "Iran Opposition Radio Alleges Further Unrest in Tehran and Other Cities." (NEXIS)

. 13 September 1991. "Iran Opposition Radio Reports Continuing Unrest; Imposition of Martial Law." (NEXIS)

. 6 August 1991. "Iranian Kurdish Rebel Radio Criticizes Treatment of Baluchis in Iran." (NEXIS)

. 13 June 1991. "Over 10,000 Smugglers and Addicts Arrested in Two Weeks."

. 30 April 1991. "Recent Successful Operations Against Drug Traffickers." (NEXIS)

Chapin Metz, Helen, ed. 1987. Iran: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, pp. 88-89.

The Independent. 16 July 1991. "100 Guards Killed by Iranian Rebels." (NEXIS)

The New York Times. 4 December 1991, Final Edition. "Drug Trafficking is Thriving in Iran." (NEXIS)

Reuters. 13 May 1991, BC Cycle. "Pakistani Opposition Deputy Arrested on Drug Charges." (NEXIS)

United Press International. 5 December 1991, BC Cycle. "Iranian Troops Reportedly Kill 27 Insurgents Near Zahedan." (NEXIS) Xinhua General News Service. 15 May 1991. "41 Drug Traffickers Hanged in Iran." (NEXIS)

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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