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Eritrea: Treatment of individuals of mixed Ethiopian (Tigrean) and Eritrean ethnicity by the government and general society; treatment by Eritrean authorities of those whose parents/family members worked for the Mengistu regime (August 2004)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 12 August 2004
Citation / Document Symbol ERT42892.E
Reference 5
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Eritrea: Treatment of individuals of mixed Ethiopian (Tigrean) and Eritrean ethnicity by the government and general society; treatment by Eritrean authorities of those whose parents/family members worked for the Mengistu regime (August 2004) , 12 August 2004, ERT42892.E , available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/41501c0623.html [accessed 23 July 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Current information on the treatment of individuals of mixed Ethiopian and Eritrean ethnicity or of those whose parents and family members worked for the Mengistu regime (1974-1991 in Ethiopia) could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. However, the following information may be of interest.

According to Eritrean Nationality Proclamation No. 12/1992, any person who has one or both parents of Eritrean origin is entitled to Eritrean citizenship by birth (Eritrea Apr. 1992; UK 29 Apr. 2003, Sec. 7.13-7.15) no matter where he/she was born (Eritrean Apr. 1992).

Referring to individuals of mixed marriage and mixed birth, the 29 April 2003 United Kingdom's Immigration and Nationality Directorate Report on a fact-finding mission to Eritrea in November 2002 states that in "most cases a mixed marriage will prove to be no problem if both partners are already in Eritrea [and if] they are split between Eritrea and Ethiopia then the ICRC [International Committee of the Red Cross] arranges visits and temporary reunions" (Sec 7.4.1). The same report adds that in cases of mixed birth a person would generally not have a problem as long as they could prove that they have Eritrean roots" (UK 29 Apr. 2003, Sec. 7.4.4). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Eritrea. April 1992. Eritrean Nationality Proclamation (No. 21/1992). (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Website). [Accessed 9 Aug. 2004]

United Kingdom (UK). 29 April 2003. Immigration and Nationality Directorate (IND). Report of a Fact-Finding Mission to Eritrea 4-18 November 2002. [Accessed 10 Aug. 2004]

Additional Sources Consulted

A senior researcher in the Africa division of Human Rights Watch (HRW) did not respond to a request for information within time constraints.

Publications: Africa Confidential, Africa Research Bulletin, Jeune Afrique/L'intelligent, Resource Centre country file.

Internet sites, including: Allafrica, Amnesty International, Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l'homme (FIDH), Global IDP Project, Human Rights Watch (HRW), International Crisis Group (ICG), IRIN, MISNA, U.S. Committee for Refugees

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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