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Iran: Information on the treatment of Kurds by the Sepah Pasdaran inside and outside the Kurdish areas of Iran

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 October 1996
Citation / Document Symbol IRN25369.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on the treatment of Kurds by the Sepah Pasdaran inside and outside the Kurdish areas of Iran , 1 October 1996, IRN25369.E, available at: [accessed 27 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.


The following information was provided during a 16 October 1996 telephone interview with the representative of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) in New York.

The source stated that the Sepah Pasdaran are in charge of internal security in the Kurdish area of Iran. The source added that the situation has improved compare to the level of repression of the 1980s. The Sepah Pasdaran are currently mainly using their spy network to locate and arrest Kurdish activists instead of large scale military operations. Kurds who live in and outside Kurdish areas and who are not involved in political activities can live a normal life in Iran today because the authorities' repression target active Kurdish militants. Kurds living outside the Kurdish areas are less likely to have problems with the authorities. For these Kurds the main problem in the bleak economic situation.

Generally, the Kurdish population of Iran faces discrimination. For example, Kurds are underrepresented in the officers corps, although they are fully conscripted like other Iranians.

For additional information on the situation of Kurds in Iran, please consult the attached documents.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), New York. 16 October 1996. Telephone interview with the representative.


Agence France Presse (AFP). 16 September 1996. "Iran Asks UN to Take Responsibility for Kurdish Refugees." (Nexis)

Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 20 August 1996. "U.N. Human Rights Experts Condemn Iran, Attacks on Kurds. (Nexis)"

Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme. January 1995. "Kurdistan." No. 194.

IRNA News Agency [Tehran, in English]. 19 September 1996. "Iranian Agency Says Death Toll from Shelling of Refugee Camps has Risen to Eight." (BBC Summary 21 September 1996).

IRNA News Agency [Tehran, in English]. 25 September 1996. "Iran Transfer Over 10,000 Iraqi Kurds to Refugee Camp." (BBC Summary 27 September 1996).

Reuters. 19 September 1996. "UNHCR Confirms Shooting at Iranian Refugee Camp." (Nexis)

United Nations, Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. 31 July - 25 August 1995. "Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran." (E/CN.4/1996/2, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/51, 23 October 1995)

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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