World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Croatia : Bosniaks
|Publisher||Minority Rights Group International|
|Publication Date||July 2008|
|Cite as||Minority Rights Group International, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Croatia : Bosniaks, July 2008, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/49749d362.html [accessed 25 May 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Updated July 2008
Bosniaks are Muslims who speak Serbo-Croatian (called 'Bosnian' by these speakers during and after the war) and are the second largest minority ethnic group in Croatia. Bosniak organizations promote Bosniak culture and publish magazines for adults and children. According to the 2001 census, there were 20,755 Bosniaks.
The majority of Bosniaks in Croatia are recent arrivals, since there is no historic Islamic community in Croatia. Bosniak numbers swelled during the war in Bosnia and Hercegovina, with tens of thousands seeking refuge in Croatia. When Bosniak and Croat forces within Bosnia and Hercegovina began fighting against each other in 1993, there were reports of intimidation of Muslim clergy and other leaders by local police and authorities, as well as the destruction of Muslim-owned property in Dubrovnik, Split and Zagreb. Following the war's end in 1995, many Bosniaks returned to Bosnia nad Hercegovina. In the 2001 Croatian census, many persons registered as Muslims in 1991 declared themselves Bosniaks. Muslims and Bosniaks registered by the 2001 census number 40,529 persons, a seven per cent decrease compared to the number of Muslims registered in 1991.
Key problems facing Bosniaks in Croatia are indirect discrimination, negative attitudes of the majority, limited participation in public and economic life, and limited opportunities to foster Bosnian culture.