Sri Lanka: Information on the steps taken by a police officer in Vavuniya to resign or to obtain a transfer anywhere but to the North or the East; on whether these procedures change if the police officer is Tamil; on the penalty of desertion for a police officer in Vavuniya; on whether Tamil police officers are given more dangerous assignments than Sinhalese or Muslim officers; and on whether the police force is governed by the Emergency Regulations (ER)
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||1 May 1997|
|Citation / Document Symbol||LKA26755.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Sri Lanka: Information on the steps taken by a police officer in Vavuniya to resign or to obtain a transfer anywhere but to the North or the East; on whether these procedures change if the police officer is Tamil; on the penalty of desertion for a police officer in Vavuniya; on whether Tamil police officers are given more dangerous assignments than Sinhalese or Muslim officers; and on whether the police force is governed by the Emergency Regulations (ER), 1 May 1997, LKA26755.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad2e74.html [accessed 18 September 2014]|
According to the March 1997 UNHCR document Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum-Seekers from Sri Lanka, "under the new Emergency Regulations [of September 1995], secret security force personnel can be fined or jailed for failure to comply with the provisions of the legislation" (16). Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996 corroborates this information (1997, 1485). This source also states that "arrests and detentions by the police increasingly took place in violation of the legal safeguards built into the ER, particularly regarding requirements that receipts be issued and that the HRTF be notified of any arrest within 24 hours" (ibid., 1487). Additional information on the ER can be found in the September 1995 publication entitled Arrest and Detention Under the Current Emergency Regulations, which is published by the Nadesan Centre for Human Rights Through Law in Colombo and is available at all Regional Documentation Centres in the so-called International Services Group (ISG) binders in the Reference Section.
According to a 4 July 1995 report from the Canadian High Commission in Colombo in response to questions from the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), "the term 'Security Forces' is a generic one, and may be taken to refer to the Police, the STF and elements of the armed forces operating in aid of the civil authorities under the authority of the PTA and the ER's" (4).
Information on the procedures for a police officer in Vavuniya to resign or obtain a transfer, the penalty for desertion by a police officer and whether Tamil police officers are given more dangerous assignments than Sinhalese or Muslim police officers could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996. 1997. United States Department of State. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada, International Service Group (ISG), Hull. 20 July 1995. Report of 4 July 1995 from the Canadian High Commission in Colombo entitled "Questions From Ontario Region (Part II)."
UNHCR. March 1997. Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Sri Lanka. Geneva: UNHCR.
UNHCR. March 1997. Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Sri Lanka. Geneva: UNHCR, pp. 16-17.
Additional Sources Consulted
Amnesty International. August 1996. Sri Lanka: Wavering Commitment to Human Rights.
_____. July 1995. Sri Lanka: Security Measures Violate Human Rights.
Amnesty International Report 1996. 1996.
Asian Survey [Berkeley, Calif.]. Monthly. November 1996-February 1997.
Canadian High Commission, Colombo.
Note on contacting Canadian diplomatic representatives serving abroad:
The DIRB must go through the CIC's Refugee Branch, Asylum Division in order to ask questions of Canadian diplomatic representatives serving abroad. The procedures for contacting Canadian missions will cause delays in responding to Information Requests. Moreover, ability to obtain information is subject to Canadian missions' resource limitations.
Constitutions of the Countries of the World, 'Sri Lanka."
Current History [Philadelphia]. Monthly. May 1996-May 1997.
DIRB. "Sri Lanka" country file. January 1997-present.
_____. "Sri Lanka: Amnesty International" country file. August 1996-present.
Human Rights in Developing Countries Yearbook. Yearly. 1994, 1995, 1996
Minority Rights Group International (MRGI). February 1996. Elizabeth Nissan, Sri Lanka: A Bitter Harvest.
Mondes rebelles: Acteurs, conflits et violences politiques: Asie, Maghreb, Proche et Moyen-Orient, Europe. 1996.
News from Asia Watch [New York]. Monthly. 1995-present.
ODR. November 1995. Feuille d'information sur les pays: Sri Lanka: État en novembre 1995.
Refugee Branch Asylum Division, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Ottawa. Infrequent reports. January 1995-May 1996.
The Refugee Council. February 1997. Protection Denied: Sri Lankan Tamils, the Home Office and the Forgotten Civil War.
Sri Lanka Information Monitor: Situation Report [Colombo]. Monthly. January-April 1997.
The Sri Lanka Monitor [London]. Monthly. January-March 1997.
Sri Lanka: State of Human Rights 1995. July 1996.
Tamil Times [Surrey]. Monthly. January-April 1997.
US Committee for Refugees. March 1997. Conflict and Displacement in Sri Lanka.
World Encyclopedia of Police Forces and Penal Systems. 1989.