Central Asia's Vulnerable Women
|Publisher||Institute for War and Peace Reporting|
|Publication Date||27 April 2011|
|Cite as||Institute for War and Peace Reporting, Central Asia's Vulnerable Women, 27 April 2011, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4dbe5ff01a.html [accessed 10 March 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Central Asia's Vulnerable Women is a photo gallery based on IWPR exhibition on domestic violence themes. The exhibition was launched to coincide with a two- day round-table forum held at the end of March in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan.
Women's rights experts, activists and politicians from across Central Asia took part in the IWPR event jointly organised with the Tajik state committee for women and family affairs to share experiences on drafting legislation and taking practical action to end violence against women.
Domestic violence is all too often seen as a private matter in which the state should not intervene, but experts agree that it needs to be brought out into the light through awareness-raising, tougher legislation and practical solutions.
Abuse in the home and victims' fear of doing anything about it stem from traditional values that accord women a secondary role. Women are expected to put up with their position and not to air their problems outside the home.
Among contributing factors to domestic violence in Central Asian countries, gender experts named the widespread practice of underage marriages, polygamy, as well as the revival of the ancient custom of bride kidnapping. They pointed out that because these illegal acts often go unpunished makes it difficult to put an end to the abuse.
The number of women subjected to assault in the home is hard to assess because there is no separate breakdown for cases that would count as domestic violence. Women's rights groups try to monitor the situation, but their data captures only those who actively seek help.
According to a member of the Kyrgyz parliament Altynai Omurbekova, more than 80 per cent of violence against women takes place in the family.
The Tajik coalition of non-government groups, From Legal to Real Equality, said that in 2009 of nearly 3,900 women who visited crisis centres, 14 per cent reported they were subjected to physical violence.
Statistics on female suicide in the southern Khatlon region of Tajikistan give a snapshot of the problem. According to official information, last year there were 108 cases of suicide and attempted suicide by women - 52 of which were related to domestic violence.
Due to the work of women NGOs who mostly receive support from international organisations and governments being more willing to acknowledge and debate domestic violence, awareness of the problem is rising. As a result, over the last several years the number of women turning to crisis centres for help has increased, gender experts say.