Last Updated: Friday, 22 August 2014, 15:07 GMT

Israel: Current information on forced marriages and Arab Muslim women; on the protection offered by the authorities to Muslim Arab victims of spousal abuse, and on the penalties under law for domestic violence

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 April 1996
Citation / Document Symbol ISR23257.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Israel: Current information on forced marriages and Arab Muslim women; on the protection offered by the authorities to Muslim Arab victims of spousal abuse, and on the penalties under law for domestic violence, 1 April 1996, ISR23257.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6aaa734.html [accessed 23 August 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

 

Information on forced marriages and Muslim Arab women could not be found among the sources consulted by the DIRB.

According to the attached letter of 16 April 1996 from The Israel Women's Network (IWN) in Jerusalem, "...Israeli law does not differentiate between Arab Muslim victims and Jewish victims with regard to protection of victims in case of spousal abuse." Please find attached the English translations of IWN's fact sheets on violence against women and the status of women under Israeli law, a section on violence against women from IWN's 1994 publication Services for Women and a photocopy of IWN's brochure The Israel Women's Network For Justice and Equality. This brochure provides information on IWN and its activities.

The attached Associated Press (AP) article of 21 December 1995 provides brief information on "honour killings" among the Druze community of Israel.

According to The Women's Watch of December 1994,

Volunteers in Haifa, Israel have begun monitoring the court system in its dealings with cases of rape and domestic violence. ...the coalition, New Initiatives By Women (NIBW), monitors the attitudes and behaviour of lawyers and judges and the atmosphere of the court. ... Court watchers have discovered that the judges' lack of understanding about violence against women is the most pervasive problem, resulting in light punishments for offenders. The NIBW effort has resulted in national recognition of the need to examine the court system's approach to violence against women (4).

The DIRB's Question and Answer Series paper Violence Against Women in Israel provides additional information on these subjects. Israeli women are discussed in general; no distinction is made between Jewish women and Arab women. Response to Information Request ISR13779 of 27 April 1993 discusses legislative remedies available to protect female victims of spousal abuse. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1995 also has a section on women, which discusses the issue of domestic violence. All these documents are available at Regional Documentation Centres.

Additional information on these subjects could not be found by the DIRB within time constraints.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

The Israel Women's Network (IWN), Jerusalem. 16 April 1996. Letter and attachment sent to the DIRB.

The Women's Watch [Minnesota, MN]. December 1994. Vol. 8, No. 3. "Volunteers in Haifa, Israel... ."

Attachments

Associated Press (AP). 21 December 1995. Scheherezade Faramarzi. "Ibtihaj Hassoun Returned to This Druse Village... ." (NEXIS)

The Israel Women's Network (IWN), Jerusalem. 16 April 1996. Letter and attachment sent to the DIRB.

The Israel Women's Network for Justice and Equality. n.d. Jerusalem: Israel Women's Network, pp. 1-10.

Services for Women. 1994. Jerusalem: Israel Women's Network, pp. 20-21.

Additional Sources Consulted

On-line search of media sources.

Oral sources.

Note on oral sources:

Oral sources are usually contacted when documentary sources have been exhausted. However, oral sources must agree to be quoted in a publicly available Response to Information Request. If they refuse, the Response will read "no information currently available." Contacting oral sources is also subject to time constraints; for example, there are periods of the year when academics are unavailable.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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