Cuba: Whether the Cuban government would protect a victim of domestic abuse from her foreign-born husband who travels to but does not reside in Cuba; services and recourse available to survivors of domestic violence (1999 to April 2001)
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||11 April 2001|
|Citation / Document Symbol||CUB36903.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Cuba: Whether the Cuban government would protect a victim of domestic abuse from her foreign-born husband who travels to but does not reside in Cuba; services and recourse available to survivors of domestic violence (1999 to April 2001) , 11 April 2001, CUB36903.E , available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be272c.html [accessed 21 October 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
No information specific to whether the Cuban government would protect a victim of domestic violence from her foreign-born husband who travels to but does not reside in Cuba could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
Country Reports 2000 reports the following on violence against women in Cuba:
Violent crime rarely is reported in the press, and there are no publicly available data regarding the incidence of domestic violence and rape; however, human rights advocates report that violence against women is a problem. The law establishes strict penalties for rape, and the Government appears to enforce the rape law; however, according to human rights advocates, the police do not act on cases of domestic violence (Section 5).
In her March 1999 report on violence against women, the UN Special Rapporteur, Radhika Coomaraswamy, reported that Cuba had created a national group to address the issue of domestic violence and to provide assistance to victims (10 Mar. 1999). Although general support services exist in Cuba for victims of violence and crime, the UN Special Rapporteur urged the Cuban government "to develop support mechanisms that specifically address the needs of battered women" (ibid.).
Fempress reported in December 2000 that there are an Assistance Office and Guidance Houses (Oficina de Atención a la Población y las Casas de Orientación a la familia) where women who are victims of violence can obtain support. The report provides no additional information.
Attempts to obtain additional information from the Cuban Women's Federation were unsuccessful within the time constraints of this Response.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2000. 2001. United States Department of State, Washington, DC.
Fempress [Santiago]. December 2000. No. 229. "Cubanas, Hoy: Frente a los problemas y el bloqueo, creatividad y solidaridad."
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). 10 March 1999. Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, its Causes and Consequences, Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy, Submitted in Accordance With Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1995/85.
Additional Sources Consulted
Latin American Regional Reports: Caribbean and Central America Report [London]. 1999-2001
World News Connection (WNC)
Internet sites, including:
Cuba Free Press
Human Rights Watch
Panamerican Health Organization (PAHO)