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Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Demonstrations that allegedly took place on 3 and 4 June 2004 in Kinshasa, including the arrest of members and supporters of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie, RCD-Goma)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa
Publication Date 28 April 2005
Citation / Document Symbol RDC43533.FE
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Demonstrations that allegedly took place on 3 and 4 June 2004 in Kinshasa, including the arrest of members and supporters of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie, RCD-Goma), 28 April 2005, RDC43533.FE, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/485ba85bc.html [accessed 13 July 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Corroborating sources noted the violent demonstrations that were held on 3 June 2004 (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004) and 4 June 2004 in Kinshasa (Keesing's June 2004, 46045; AFP 8 June 2004; ibid. 5 June 2004) and in some other cities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1; Keesing's June 2004, 46045; Africa Research Bulletin 29 June 2004, 15784), such as Kindu, Kisangani and Lubumbashi (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1; Africa Research Bulletin 29 July 2004, 15784). In the beginning, students (ibid.; AFP 8 June 2004; Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1) and workers (ibid.; Africa Research Bulletin 29 July 2004, 15784) were protesting the inability of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Mission des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo, MONUC) (ibid.; Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1; Keesing's June 2004, 46045; AFP 11 June 2004; ibid. 8 June 2004) and of the Congolese government (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1) to prevent the city of Bukavu from falling into the hands of dissident soldiers (ibid.; Keesing's June 2004, 46045; Africa Research Bulletin 29 July 2004, 15784; AFP 11 June 2004; ibid. 8 June 2004). However, the demonstrations soon transformed into [translation] "the pillage of MONUC offices" (AFP 8 June 2004; ibid. June 5 2004; AP 3 June 2004) and riots (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1).

The various sources consulted estimated that 2 to 12 people were killed-some by MONUC forces and others by the Congolese police (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1; AFP 8 June 2004; ibid. 6 June 2004; ibid. 5 June 2004; ibid. 3 June 2004; Keesing's June 2004, 46045).

Also, rioters destroyed the offices of some political parties, including those of President Joseph Kabila's People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (Parti du peuple pour la reconstruction et le développement, PPRD) (Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1; Africa Research Bulletin 29 July 2004, 15784), Jean-Pierre Bemba's Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (Mouvement de libération du Congo, MLC) (ibid.; AP 3 June 2004; Africa Confidential 11 June 2004, 1) and Joseph Olengankhoy's Innovative Forces for Union and Solidarity (Forces novatrices de l'union sacrée, FONUS) (ibid.).

No information on the arrest of members and supporters of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie, RCD-Goma) could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Africa Confidential [London]. 11 June 2004. Vol. 45, No. 1. "Congo-Kinshasa: The Kivus Jolt Kinshasa, Again."

Africa Research Bulletin [London]. 29 July 2004. Vol. 41, No. 6. "Democratic Republic of Congo: Foiled Coup Attempt."

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 11 June 2004. François-Xavier Harispe. "Nouveau coup dur pour la transition congolaise (Éclairage)." (Courrier AFP)
_____. 8 June 2004. "Violentes bagarres entre étudiants sur les trois campus de Kinshasa." (Courrier AFP)
_____. 6 June 2004. "Retrait d'une partie des effectifs de la MONUC de RDC Congo." (Courrier AFP)
_____. 5 June 2004. "Manifestations de Kinshasa : douze morts et importants dégâts matériels." (Dialog)
_____. 3 June 2004. "Manifestations à Kinshasa : trois manifestants tués (MONUC et hôpital)." (Courrier AFP)

Associated Press (AP). 3 June 2004. Daniel Balint-Kurti. "L'ONU tire sur des manifestants à Kinshasa : au moins deux morts." (Dialog)

Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge]. June 2004. Vol. 50, No. 6. "Democratic Republic of Congo: Bukavu Rebellion-Tension With Rwanda."

Additional Sources Consulted

Publications: Africa Confidential, L'Afrique des Grands Lacs : annuaire 2004, Africa Research Bulletin, Europa World Yearbook, Jeune Afrique/L'Intelligent, Resource Centre country file.

Internet sites, including: AllAfrica, Amnesty International (AI), ASADHO, digitalcongo.net, European Country of Origin Information Network (ecoi.net), Fédération international des ligue des droits de l'homme (FIDH), Human Rights Watch (HRW), International Crisis Group (ICG), MISNA, United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) , United States Department of State.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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