Ukraine: A copy of Decree 360 listing the different faiths eligible for exemption/alternative military service
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||11 December 2001|
|Citation / Document Symbol||UKR38221.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ukraine: A copy of Decree 360 listing the different faiths eligible for exemption/alternative military service, 11 December 2001, UKR38221.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4bebe0.html [accessed 28 December 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
A copy of the requested document could not be found among sources consulted by the Research Directorate. No information on Decree 360 could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
According to Asylumlaw's Country Assessment, Ukraine passed an amendment to its law on alternative service in December 1998 (Sept. 1999). The amendment states that those individuals undertaking alternative service can serve at charities, Red Cross institutions or public utilities (ibid.), but must serve twice as long as those in regular military service (ibid.; AI Dec. 2001). Alternative service can only be performed by members of officially registered religious organizations (ibid.). Amnesty International further states that: " ... according to reports, followers of religious confessions which have not been registered officially by the authorities are denied the right to alternative civilian service on the grounds of their religious beliefs" (ibid. Apr. 1997).
Three oral sources, including the Embassy of Ukraine in Ottawa, were unable to provide a copy of the requested document.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Amnesty International. 2001. Amnesty International Report 2001.
_____. April 1997. Out of the Margins: The Right to Conscientious Objection in Europe.
Asylumlaw [Internet site]. September 1999. Ukraine: Country Assessment.
Additional Sources Consulted
World News Connection
Embassy of Ukraine in Ottawa
Three oral sources contacted did not provide information
Internet sites including:
2000 Annual Report on International Religious Freedom
BRAMA - Gateway to Ukraine
Christian Solidarity International
The Human Rights Centre "Viasna" - Minsk
Hokkaido University Slavic Research Centre
International Christian Concern
International Coalition for Religious Freedom
International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights
Religious Information Service of Ukraine
Russia Religion News - Stetson University
War Resisters International