Macedonia: Current information on the treatment of gays and lesbians by the government and police
|Publisher||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||15 May 2003|
|Citation / Document Symbol||MCD41447.E|
|Cite as||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Macedonia: Current information on the treatment of gays and lesbians by the government and police, 15 May 2003, MCD41447.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3f7d4dc90.html [accessed 18 May 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
No current information on the treatment of gays and lesbians in Macedonia by the government or the police could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
According to a report regarding a proposed project by the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Macedonia, until the Macedonia penal code was amended in 1996, homosexuality was considered a crime (Helsinki Committee for Human Rights of Republic of Macedonia 2002). The report states that no further action was taken by the state to change the "traditional-moral behavio[u]r and sanctions" against homosexuality and that, instead of it being a crime, homosexuality was depicted as "not normal, a sickness, a perversion, a degeneration" (ibid.). According to the report, there are no registered gay and lesbian associations in Macedonia, and "homosexuals are completely invisible" (ibid.). A February 2000 report on the International Lesbian and Gay Association's (ILGA) European region Website states that Macedonia does not have a "visible lesbian, gay and bisexual community" (ILGA-Europe 16 Feb. 2000).
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Republic of Macedonia. 2002. "
Intenational Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)-Europe. 16 February 2000. "Discrimination Against Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Persons in Europe."
Additional Sources Consulted
Internet site, including:
Council of Europe
The Data Lounge
Human Rights Watch
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC)
International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR)
International Lesbian and Gay Association, Europe (ILGA)
Public Prosecution Office of Republic of Macedonia
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Sodomy Laws of the World