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Mali: Violence committed against minor children by their relatives (father, mother, uncle, aunt, grandfather and/or guardian) in Mali

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 14 May 2003
Citation / Document Symbol MLI41495.FE
Reference 1
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Mali: Violence committed against minor children by their relatives (father, mother, uncle, aunt, grandfather and/or guardian) in Mali, 14 May 2003, MLI41495.FE, available at: [accessed 1 June 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

No information on the violence committed against minor children by their relatives (father, mother, uncle, aunt, grandfather and/or guardian) could be found in the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. The following information, however, may be of interest.

Mali EnJeu (Malian Environment, Youth and Development Association) has a training centre in Sikasso and listening centres in Ségou and Kayes that cater to children between the ages of 12 and 18 and youths between the ages of 19 and 30 who come


especially from large, poor families in which the authority of the head of the family has been diminished (due to age, or economic or cultural status). Some of these children come from polygamous families who have left their village for the city (n.d.).

Mali EnJeu indicated that these children leave their families to live on the street for various reasons, such as:


frequent fighting between the parents, the death of one of the parents, conflicts in polygamous families, the size of the family and the number of siblings, lack of acknowledgement by the father (single-mother families), conflicts with guardians (parents, teachers, monitors, employers, master craftsmen), rural migration, adventure, bad influences, media influences (especially television). ...

These children and youths are, for the most part, illiterate or have very little schooling (less than five years). They are resourceful, distrustful, and creative. They very quickly develop survival strategies for life on the streets. They are forced to mature before their time. They are dirty and poorly dressed (Mali EnJeu n.d.).

Mali EnJeu helps these children with [translation] "identification, family reintegration, vocational training, literacy courses, escorts to their village of origin, healthcare (in certain circumstances), awareness, and social and educational group activities, [as well as] organizational support" (ibid.).

For more information on the issue of violence toward children in Mali, please consult MLI41213.F of 18 March 2003, MLI40537.F of 30 January 2003 and MLI41494.FE of 14 May 2003.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Mali EnJeu. n.d. "Mali, Bamako, Sikasso, Ségou, Kayes, MALI ENJEU." [Accessed 13 May 2003]

Additional Sources Consulted

Africa Confidential


Amnesty International. Annual Reports

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

Jeune Afrique

Keesing's Record of World Events

New African

Resource Centre country file. Mali

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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